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Oral and Written Discourse in Spanish

Code: 106345 ECTS Credits: 6
Degree Type Year Semester
2504211 Spanish Language and Literature FB 1 1
2504386 English and Spanish Studies FB 1 1
2504388 Catalan and Spanish Studies FB 1 1


Lourdes Aguilar Cuevas

Teaching groups languages

You can check it through this link. To consult the language you will need to enter the CODE of the subject. Please note that this information is provisional until 30 November 2023.


In order to attend this subject, students must have a general linguistic knowledge and a command of oral and written expression comparable to those obtained after completing the baccalaureate.

A level of English that allows students to read bibliography in this language is recommended.

Objectives and Contextualisation

The objectives of this course are twofold: to introduce discourse analysis and to enhance oral and written expression skills in Spanish for academic and professional purposes. The aim is to improve and consolidate language proficiency in formal contexts, both in speaking and writing.

By the end of the course, students should be able to:

  • Engage in informed reflection on the topics covered throughout the course.
  • Analyze fundamental aspects of discursive practices.
  • Recognize different types of texts.
  • Understand and apply linguistic strategies and resources introduced in the course.
  • Produce accurate, coherent, and contextually appropriate academic texts, both orally and in writing.


    Spanish Language and Literature
  • Act in one's own field of knowledge evaluating inequalities based on sex/gender.
  • Analyse the main phenomena of linguistic variation in Spanish (historical, diatopic, semantic and pragmatic variation).
  • Analyse the main phonetic, phonological, morphological, syntactic, lexical and semantic properties of the Spanish language, its evolution throughout history and its current structure.
  • Carry out effective written work or oral presentations adapted to the appropriate register in different languages.
  • Demonstrate a normative knowledge of the Spanish language and a command of it in all its applications in the academic and professional spheres.
  • Introduce changes in the methods and processes of the field of knowledge to provide innovative responses to the needs and demands of society.
  • Typologically identify the main phenomena of the Spanish language and relate them to similar phenomena in other languages.
  • Use digital tools and specific documentary sources to gather and organise information.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Analyse a situation from a linguistic point of view and identify points for improvement.
  2. Analyse inequalities due to sex or gender from a linguistic point of view.
  3. Analyse the stages in the construction of an oral discourse and the strategies for its oral execution.
  4. Communicate using a non-sexist use of language.
  5. Construct written texts of different discursive typologies with linguistic accuracy.
  6. Correctly use the different registers of Spanish according to the context of which they form part.
  7. Describe the varieties of oral and written discourse, their appropriateness and degrees of formality.
  8. Detail the stages in the construction of written discourse.
  9. Detect the characteristics of Spanish in bilingual or multilingual contexts.
  10. Distinguish the systematic from the normative aspects in the study of language.
  11. Express ideas with a specific vocabulary appropriate to the discipline, following the rules of the Spanish language.
  12. Interpret and use the main linguistic concepts and relate them to pan-Hispanic and pluri-centric variation.
  13. Interpret the different linguistic levels from a pan-Hispanic and pluri-centric perspective.
  14. Plan and orally produce texts of different discursive typologies with linguistic accuracy.
  15. Recognise and describe the varieties of Spanish and evaluate them in the context of diversity.
  16. Use digital tools to collect, classify, interpret and analyse relevant data related to the study of linguistic variety.


The following contents constitute a framework for the subject. A more detailed syllabus will be provided at the beginning of the course.

  1. Pragmatic appropriateness and degrees of formality. Oral and written academic or professional speech.
  2. Text typology.
  3. Topics of normative correctness.
  4. Text organization. Coherence and cohesion.
  5. Writing. Planning, writing and reviewing the written speech. The edition of written texts: orthotypography and adaptation to the support.
  6. Public speaking. Planning of oral discourse and strategies to carry it out. Formal oral speeches in public: phonic aspects, non-verbal communication and use of support material. Main problems in the articulation and prosody of a formal oral speech.


Directed, supervised and autonomous activities will be carried out, which includes evaluative activities.

It is advisable to maintain continuous and active monitoring of the course.



Annotation: Within the schedule set by the centre or degree programme, 15 minutes of one class will be reserved for students to evaluate their lecturers and their courses or modules through questionnaires.


Title Hours ECTS Learning Outcomes
Type: Directed      
Theory classes and practical sessions with guidance 60 2.4 3, 1, 7, 8, 10, 16, 13, 12, 14
Type: Supervised      
Tutoring and supervised activities 15 0.6 2, 3, 1, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 16, 13, 12, 14, 15, 6
Type: Autonomous      
Study and preparation of activities 63 2.52 2, 3, 1, 4, 5, 8, 10, 11, 16, 12, 14, 15, 6


Requirements to pass the subject

  • To pass the subject it is necessary to take all the tests.
  • To pass the subject, a global grade equal to or greater than 5 is required.
  • To qualify for reassessment, it is necessary to have taken all the tests and to have obtained an overall mark higher than 3.5.
  • In the event that students have passed the recovery test, the maximum final grade for the subject will be 5.

  • A "not evaluable" will be obtained if a maximum of 50% of the evaluation has been carried out.
  • When the course is assessable, if any test is left pending, its grade will be 0 and it will be included in the calculation of the overall mark. In this case, the maximum possible grade in the course will be a 4.9.



For the final assessment, two tests related to oral skills (25% each) and two written tests related to writing skills (25% each) will be taken into account.

All activities are mandatory and require physical presence. The course instructor will determine the nature of each test at the beginning of the course.


In regards to writing, it's understood that the student will write paragraphs with full content: spelling errors, punctuation and speech structure will discount (0,1 each mistake). Oral expression must be coherent, organized, correct and appropriate to the communicative situation.

It is also expected that students know the general rules of preparation and submission of an academic work.

In the event of a student committing any irregularity that may lead to a significant variation in the grade awarded to an assessment activity, the student will be given a zero for this activity, regardless of anydisciplinary process that may take place. In the event of several irregularities inassessment activities of the same subject, the student will be given a zero as the final grade for this subject.

At the beginning of the course both the methodology of the subject and the evaluable tests will be explained. Specific guidance will be later provided for each test. The guidelines with the detailed description of the evaluable activities content and the dates of submission can be consulted in the virtual teaching space of the subject. The procedures to be followed for reviewing all grades awarded can change depending on the type of test and will be announced in due course.


Single assessment

The single assessment entails a single evaluation date, but not a single evaluation activity.

The unique assessment will consist of the following tests: submission of a short assignment analyzing an oral discourse (25%), submission of a short assignment analyzing a written text (25%); in-person assessment of oral discourse content (25%); in-person assessment of written discourse content (25%).

All activities will take place on a single day, which will coincide with the day scheduled for the final test of the continuous assessment. The test schedule will be posted during the first week of the course in the virtual space of the subject.

The same recovery system as for continuous assessment will be applied.

Assessment Activities

Title Weighting Hours ECTS Learning Outcomes
(1) Written exam 25% 3 0.12 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 16, 13, 12, 15, 6
(2) Written exam 2 25% 3 0.12 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 16, 13, 12, 6
(3) Oral activity 1 25% 3 0.12 3, 1, 4, 7, 10, 11, 16, 14, 15, 6
(4) Oral activity 2 25% 3 0.12 3, 1, 4, 7, 10, 11, 16, 12, 14, 15, 6


Alba-Juez, Laura (2016) "Discourse Analysis and Pragmatics: Their scope and relation", Russian Journal of Linguistics, 20, 2: 43-55.

Alcoba, Santiago (coord.) (1999) La oralización, Barcelona: Ariel.

Bassols i Puig, M. Margarida y Anna M. Torrent (2003) Modelos textuales: teoría y práctica, Vic-Barcelona: Eumo-Octaedro.

Briz, Antonio (coord.) (2008) Saber hablar, Madrid: Aguilar, Instituto Cervantes.

Bustos Sánchez, Inés (2003) La voz: la técnica y la expresión, Barcelona: Paidotribo.

Carbó, Carme, María Machuca, Carme de la Mota, Montserrat Riera y Antonio Ríos (2001) "Estrategias gramaticales del castellano y del catalán para evitar un uso sexista del lenguaje en la comunicación epistolar política", en M. C. Ayala et alJornadas de comunicación y género, Málaga, Publ. Diputación Provincial de Málaga: 95-102.

Calsamiglia, Helena y Amparo Tusón (1999) Las cosas del decir. Manual de análisis del discurso. Barcelona: Ariel. 3ª ed., 2012.

Cassany, Daniel (1995) La cocina de la escritura. Buenos Aires: Anagrama.

Charaudeau, Patrick y Dominique Maingueneau (2002) Diccionario de análisis del discurso, Buenos Aires: Amorrortu, 2005.

Cortés Rodríguez, Luis (2021). Aproximación al dominio Análisis del discurso y su incidencia en la lengua española. Vol. 70. Universidad Almería, 2021.

Cros, Anna (2003) Convencer en clase. Argumentación y discurso docente. Barcelona:  Ariel.

de-la-Mota Gorriz, Carme (2021) Oratoria actual [Canal de vídeos, Polimedia UAB]. Con la colaboración de Cecilia Gassull Bustamante y Rosa Maria Raich Escursell. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Disponible en: https://polimedia.uab.cat/canal/oratoria-actual

Escandell-Vidal, M. Victoria, José Amenós Pons, y Aoife Kathleen Ahern, editores (2020) Pragmática. Akal. ISBN 978-84-460-4871-8.

Escandell Vidal, Mª Victoria; Victoria Marrero Aguiar; Celia Casado Fresnillo; Edita Gutiérrez Rodríguez; Nuria Polo Cano y Pilar Ruiz-Va Palacios (2014) Claves del Lenguaje Humano, Madrid: Centro de Estudios Ramón Areces [cap. 2, punto 3.2]

Fernández Lagunilla, Marina (1999a) La lengua en la comunicación política: El discurso del poder, Madrid, Arco/ Libros.

Fernández Lagunilla, Marina (1999b) La lengua en la comunicación política: La palabra del poder, Madrid, Arco/ Libros.

García Mouton, Pilar (2003) Así hablan las mujeres: Curiosidades y tópicos del uso femenino del lenguaje, Madrid: La esfera de los libros.

Gee, James Paul y Michael Handford (eds.) (2011) The Routledge Handbook to Discourse Analysis, London: Routledge.

Gómez Torrego, Leonardo (2006) Hablar y escribir correctamente: gramática normativa del español actual, Madrid: Arco/Libros.

Gómez Torrego, Leonardo (2011) Ortografía y gramática. Las normas académicas: últimos cambios, Madrid: SM.

González Ferrán, Judith (coord.) (2015) El español más vivo: 300 recomendaciones para hablar y escribir bien, Barcelona: Fundeu-BBVA, Espasa Libros.

Hernández Guerrero, José Antonio y María del Carmen García Tejera (2004) El arte de hablar: manual de retórica práctica y de oratoria moderna, Barcelona: Ariel.

Johnstone, Barbara (2002) Discourse Analysis. Oxford: Blackwell (3ª ed., revisada y actualizada, 2018).

López Alonso, Covadonga (2014) Análisis del discurso, Madrid: Síntesis.

López Valero, Amando (1996) “Tipología textual y técnicas de expresión oral”, Lenguaje y textos, 9: 115-133.

Loureda, Óscar  y Angela Schrott (Eds.) 2021. Manual de lingüística del hablar. Berlin/ Boston: De Gruyter.

Marçal, Heura, Fiona Kelso y Mercè Nogués (2011) Guía para el uso no sexista del lenguaje en la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona [Traducción al castellano de Gemma Lozano]. Servicio de Lenguas y Observatorio para la Igualdad, Servicio de Publicaciones de la UAB.

Martín Zorraquino, María Antonia y José Portolés (1999) ¨Los marcadores del discurso¨. En Violeta Demonte e Ignacio Bosque (Coords.) Gramática descriptiva de la lengua española, Madrid: Espasa, vol. 3: 4051-4214.

Merayo, Arturo (2001) Curso práctico de técnicas para hablar en público, Madrid: Tecnos. 2ª ed.

Montolío, Estrella(2014) Manual de escritura académica y profesional, Barcelona: Ariel.

Moreno Cabrera, Juan Carlos (2000) La dignidad e igualdad de las lenguas. Crítica de la discriminación lingüística, Madrid: Alianza, 2016.

Portolés, José (2004) Pragmática para hispanistas, Madrid, Síntesis.

Puchol, Luis (1997) Hablar en público. Nuevas técnicas y recursos para influir a una audiencia en cualquier circunstancia, Madrid: Editorial Díaz de Santos.

Real Academia Española Española (2014) Diccionario de lalengua española, Madrid: Espasa Libros. 23.ª ed [Actualizado en el 2020, en línea 23.4]

Real Academia Española y Asociación de Academias de la Lengua (2009-2011) Nueva gramática de la lengua española, Madrid: Espasa, 3 vols. y DVD.

Real Academia Española y Asociación de Academias de la Lengua (2010) Ortografía de la lengua española,Madrid: Espasa.

Real Academia Española y Asociación de Academias de la Lengua (2013) El buen uso del español, Madrid: Espasa.

Real Academia Española y Asociación de Academias de la Lengua (2018) Libro de estilo de la lengua española según la norma panhispánica, Madrid: Espasa.

Real Academia Española y Asociación de Academias de la Lengua (2019) Glosario de términos gramaticales. Madrid: Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca.

Regueiro Rodríguez, María Luisa y Daniel M. Sáez Rivera (2013) El español académico. Guía práctica para la elaboración de textos académicos, Madrid: Arco/Libros.

Reyes, Graciela (1995) El abecé de la pragmática, Madrid: Arco Libros.

Reyes, Graciela (1998) “Registros, estilos y tipos de textos (cuáles son las variedades de la lengua escrita)”, en Manual de redacción. Cómo escribir bien español. Madrid: Arco/Libros:47-80.

Reyes, Graciela (1990) La pragmática lingüística. El estudio del uso del lenguaje, Barcelona: Montesinos.

Reyzábal, M.ª Victoria (1993) La comunicación oral y su didáctica, Madrid: La Muralla.

Sánchez Lobato, Jesús (coord.) (2006) Saber escribir, Madrid: Instituto Cervantes-Aguilar.

Schiffrin, Deborah, Deborah Tannen y Heidi E. Hamilton (eds.) (2001) The Handbook of Discourse Analysis, Oxford: Blackwell.

Serafini, M.ª Teresa (1994) Cómo se escribe, Barcelona: Paidós. 

Studer, Jurg (1998) Oratoria: El arte de hablar, disertar, convencer, Madrid: Editorial El Drac.

Tusón Valls, Jesús (1996) Los prejuicios lingüísticos, Octaedro. 2010.

Vilà i Santasusana, Montserrat (coord.) (2005) El discurso oral formal. Contenidos de aprendizaje y secuencias didácticas, Barcelona: Editorial Graó.



Guidance will be provided during the course.