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Domestic Animal Medicine and Surgery I

Code: 102622 ECTS Credits: 7
Degree Type Year Semester
2502445 Veterinary Medicine OB 4 1


José Pastor Milán

Teaching groups languages

You can check it through this link. To consult the language you will need to enter the CODE of the subject. Please note that this information is provisional until 30 November 2023.


Yvonne Espada Gerlach
José Pastor Milán
María Teresa Peña Giménez
Rafael Ruíz de Gopegui Fernández
Sònia Añor Torres
Maria Carmen Diaz-Bertrana Sanchez
Jaime Miguel Martorell Monserrat
Lluis Ferrer Caubet
Laia Maria Solano Gallego
Javier Moll Sanchez


There are no official prerequisites for taking the subject. However, it is convenient for the student to have completed and passed the first three grades, especially Pathology, Exploratory methods, Animal reproduction, Pharmacology, Surgery and Anesthesiology.

Objectives and Contextualisation

Medicine and Surgery of Companion Animals I is a compulsory subject during the fourth year of veterinary degree. This subject is totally theoretical and the practices will be carried out in the subject Medicine and Surgery of Companion Animals II that is taught in the same course. It is essential and basic for subsequent clinical studies. The most frequently diagnosed diseases in the clinic of small animals will be studied. In this subject the description of the medical-surgical anomalies of the different organs and systems is explained, including the study of the etiology, clinical signs, diagnostic methods, treatment and prognosis
The specific objectives for the student are:

  •     To understand and apply the principles of medicine based on evidence.
  •     To learn how to approach a clinical case by following the problem oriented approach (POA).
  •     To know the most used surgical techniques in veterinary
  •     To know the diseases derived from reproduction, childbirth and puerperium, as well as their treatment
  •     To know the bases of pharmacotherapy and its application
  •     This subject includes activities carried out in English, identified in this teaching guide as DA (English Teaching)


  • Apply the basic cures that guarantee the correct function of the reproduction cycle and the resolution of obstetric problems.
  • Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the general bases of medical and surgical treatments.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of English to communicate both orally and in writing in academic and professional contexts.
  • Diagnose different individual and collective animal diseases, and know about prevention measures, with emphasis on zoonoses and notifiable disease.
  • Diagnose the most common diseases using different general and instrumental techniques.
  • Have basic knowledge of the profession, and in particular of the organisation and functions of professional practice.
  • Recognise when euthanasia is necessary and perform it humanely by employing the appropriate method.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Demonstrate knowledge of English to communicate both orally and in writing in academic and professional contexts.
  2. Describe the etiology, etiopathogeny, diagnosis and treatment of the most frequent medical and surgical diseases in small, equine and livestock animals.
  3. Identify and prevent problems related with handling of animals that negatively affect their health.
  4. Identify and recognise the medical and surgical problems associated to the male and female reproduction apparatus in different animal species.
  5. Identify congenital and acquired diseases that affect the proper absorption of foods.
  6. Identify disorders of the locomotor apparatus and especially those of members and hooves.
  7. Identify neurological diseases and the most relevant ones that can sporadically affect the proper systemic functions of animals.
  8. Identify the most frequent metabolic disorders.
  9. Identify whether the quality of life of affected animals is good enough and, if it is not, identify euthanasia as an alternative humanitarian procedure.
  10. Identify, treat and prevent problems that alter lactation and the functionality of the mammary gland.
  11. Identify, treat and prevent the causes of infertility in male and females.
  12. Identify, treat and prevent the causes that lead to anoestrus and alter normal cyclicity.
  13. Identify, treat and prevent the problems that affect neonates.
  14. Interpret basic pathological X-rays and echographies.
  15. Recognise pathological changes in X-rays and echographies of simple cases and interpret them properly.
  16. Recognise the limitations of medicine and the general state of sick animals.


The learning process of the contents of the subject takes place in an integrated way by attending the theoretical or master classes and the materials in the Virtual Campus for the development of self-learning activities.

Theoretical contents:

Block of Medicine Bases on Evidence – Analysis and discussion of clinical cases:
Medicine bases on evidence: concepts and practical application.

Critical analysis of topics (critically appraised topics - CAT). Students, grouped in 3-4 people groups, will analyse a clinical question in a critical way (CAT) and deliver the written solution before the end of the course.

Discussion and analysis of the clinical case 1.

Discussion and analysis of the clinical case 2.

Discussion and analysis of the clinical case 3.

Diagnostic imaging of cardiac pathologies
Diagnosis by image of respiratory pathologies
Diagnostic imaging of urinary and adrenal pathologies
Diagnosis by image of skull and spine pathologies
Diagnostic imaging of gastrointestinal pathology
Diagnostic imaging of pathology of liver, spleen,pàncrees
Diagnostic imaging of pathologies of the reproductive system

Reproduction Block

Reproductive problems of the female
Mammary pathology
Problems of childbirth and postpartum
Reproductive problems of the male
Block M. Internal
Oral cavity.
Esophageal diseases.
Stomach and intestine.
Acquired heart valve diseases.
Cardiopaties congenital.
Acid base.
Adrenal endocrinopathies.
Acute and chronic renal failure.
ITU and urolithiasis.
Hematological abnormalities: anemia.
Hematological abnormalities:leukocytes and leukograms.
Diseases of the upper respiratory tract.
Respiratory tract diseasesbaixes.

Surgery Block

Oral cavity: Lips, palate and nostrils. Congenital diseases, cleft lip, cheiloplasty. Fissure of the primary and secondary palate. Oronasal fistulas. Neoplasms of the oral cavity. Types and treatments. Mandibulectomy Maxilectomy
Ear pathology and auricular pavilion: bruises, wounds. External, average and internal otitis. Polyps. Surgical treatments: Resection of the lateral wall of the vertical duct (Zeppo). Complete ablation of the vertical conduit. Total ablation of the external auditory canal. Miring otomy, osteotomy of the tympanic bull.
upper respiratory tract I (flat nasal tumors / nostrils) Rhinitis. Sinusitis. Obstructive airway syndrome in brachycephalics.
Pathology of the larynx itraquea: laryngeal paralysis, laryngeal collapse. Collapse of trachea, tracheotomy and permanent tracheostomy. Tracheal resections
Thorax I: Costal wall. Approaches (sternotomy-thoracotomy). Drenatges.Lobectomies. Pericardiectomy Diaphragmatic hernia. chylothorax
Digestive surgery: Gastrotomy, foreign bodies. Partial gastrectomy. Delayed gastric emptying.
Pyloroplasty. Dilation / Stomach twisting. Gastropexy
Intestinal Surgery: foreign bodies. Intussuscepció intestinal. Volvulus Enterotomies, Enterectomy.
Female reproductive system surgery. Anatomical memory, tubal ligation, ovariohysterectomy, cesarean section, pyometra. Mastectomies Male castration.
Urinary bladder surgery. Cystotomy Urethra.Uretrostomy.
Hernias Umbilical, inguinal, scrotal hernias. Congenital and acquired.

Specialties Block

- Ophthalmologic examination
- Diagnostics Main ocular diseases in small animals

- Diseases of the spinal cordDiseases
- Diseases of the brain

Dermatology: "Diagnostic approach to the dermatological patient"

- Introduction to traumatology
- Internal fixation methods

- The first visit to mammals
- Clinical techniques in mammals


*Unless the requirements enforced by the health authorities demand a prioritization or reduction of these contents.


Theory classes during the 2021-22 academic year will be face to face. 

Theoretical learning will be acomplished through formal lectures in the classroom.

Lectures will be taught through PPT presentations  including videos and pictures so that the student can follow the explanations.

Necessary and basic bibliography will be listed so that the student completes knowledge and supplements learning with additional text consulting.

Some of the lectures will be given in english (DA)

A methodology of critical analysis of clinical questions (CAT) will be  applied and the discussion of clinical cases will be done following a problem oriented approach.

* The proposed teaching methodology may experience some modifications depending on the restrictions to face-to-face activities enforced by health authorities.”


Annotation: Within the schedule set by the centre or degree programme, 15 minutes of one class will be reserved for students to evaluate their lecturers and their courses or modules through questionnaires.


Title Hours ECTS Learning Outcomes
Type: Directed      
Clases 62 2.48 2, 8, 3, 4, 6, 5, 7, 13, 10, 12, 11, 15
Type: Autonomous      
Estudio 108 4.32 2, 8, 3, 4, 6, 5, 7, 9, 13, 10, 12, 11, 14, 15


The evaluation will consist of the following activities:

- First partial exam will represent 45% of the final score. The exam will be based on multiple choice and short questions. To pass the partial, a score of at least 5 of 10 has to be obtained.

- Second partial exam that will represent 45% of the final grade. Exam will be based on multiple choice and short questions. To pass the partial, a score of at least 5 of 10 has to be obtained.

- The evaluation of both CAT and the 3 clinical cases will cover a 10% of the final score.

The written exam will allow to evaluate the integration of theoretical knowledge, the ability to relate concepts and analysis and, ultimately, show the final maturity of the student.

TO PASS THE SUBJECT, PASSING BOTH THE FIRST AND THE SECOND PARTIAL IS MANDATORY.  If the student fails one or both partials, presenting again to the failed part is mandatory.

English evaluation:

English will be evaluated according to the following criteria:

- 0 points: insufficient in the group of oral and written expression, or does not participate. Student’s vocabulary is poor and does not understand or understand with difficulty what he/she wants to express.

- 0.5 points: sufficient in the group of oral and written expression. The student understands what he/she wants to explain although he/she makes several important grammatical or style mistakes and his/her vocabulary is limited.

- 1 point: correct oral and written expression, although errors are identified.

The average of all the qualifications obtained in English will be made, and the bonus score will be applied in the exam score according to the following criteria:

 0-0,34 points: the student does not receive any type ofbonus

 0.35-0.84 points:5% is applied to the final scoreof the subject

 0,85- 1 point: 10% is applied on the final score of the subject

 The teacher will be the one who will ultimately mark the final bonus received by the student (between the "no bonus" up to a 10% of the final score).

Unique assessment

The single assessment will consist in a unique test in which the contents of the entire subject will be assessed.The test will consist of test-type questions and a topic to develop.The grade obtained in this test will account for 100% of the final grade of the subject.The single assessment test will take place on the same day, time and place as the last continuous assessment of the subject.The single assessment can be recovered on the day to recovery of the subject

“*Student’s assessment may experience some modifications depending on the restrictions to face-to-face activities enforced by health authorities.”


Assessment Activities

Title Weighting Hours ECTS Learning Outcomes
Analysis and discussion of clinical cases 10% 1 0.04 16
Examen 45% 2 0.08 1, 2, 8, 3, 4, 6, 5, 7, 9, 13, 10, 12, 11, 14, 15, 16
Examen 45% 2 0.08 1, 2, 8, 3, 4, 6, 5, 7, 9, 13, 10, 12, 11, 14, 15, 16


Medicina Interna

  • Stockham, SL, Scott MA. (2008). Fundamentals of Veterinary Clinical Pathology. 2n edition. Blackwell publishing.
  • Ettinger, S.J. i Feldman, E.C. (2017). Textbook of veterinary internal medicine. Diseases of the dog and cat. 8th edition. WB Saunders Co, Philadelphia.
  • Morgan, R.V. (2008). Handbook of small animal practice. 4th edition. WB Saunders Co, Philadelphia.
  • Fidalgo, L.E.; Rejas, J.; Ruiz de Gopegui, R. Ramos, J.J. (2003). Patología Médica Veterinaria: libro de texto para la docencia de la asignatura.
  • Nelson RW, Couto CG (2019). Small Animal Internal Medicine. 6rd ed. Mosby, St. Louis (EE.UU.)
  • Jhonson, L.R. (2020). Canine and feline respiratory medicine.Wiley-blackwell (EE.UU).
  • Norsworthy, G.D. (2018). The feline patient. 5 ed. Wiley -Blackwell (EE.UU)


  • Bojrab MJ (1998). Current Techniques in Small Animal Surgery. 4th Ed. William and Wilkins. Baltimore
  • Brinker WO, Piermattei DL, Flo GL. (2006) Handbook of Small Animal Orthopedics & Fracture Treatment. 3rd Ed. WB SaundersCo. Philadelphia. 3a edición.
  • Harari J. (2004). Small Animal Surgery Secrets. Second edition. Ed. Hanley & Belfus. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • Hedlund C., Taoada J. (2002). Clinical Atlas of Ear, Nose, Throat, and Tracheobronchial Diseases in Dogs and Cats. Ed. Schlütersche. Hannover
  • Fossum TW. (2007) Small Animal Surgery. 3a ed. Mosby, St. Louis.
  • Ruberte J, Sautet J, Navarro M, Carretero A, Pons J. (1995) Atlas de Anatomía del perro y del gato. Ed. Multimédica. S. Cugat del Vallés. Barcelona
  • Slatter DH. Texbook of small animal surgery. 3a ed. Saunders, Philadelphia. 2003.
  • Gorrell C, Andersson S, Verhaert L. (2013).  Veterinary Dentistry for the General Practitioner. 2nd Ed. Saunders Ltd. Philadelphia


  • Pathways to pregnancy and parturition. 2003. Senger PhL. Pullman. Current Conceptions.
  • Veterinary reproduction and  obstetrics. 2009. Noakes DE, Parkinson TJ and England GCW., Saunders, 9a ed.
  • Canine and feline endocrinology and reproduction. 2004. Feldman and Nelson. 3nd ed. W.B. Saunders Company.
  • Canine and feline theriogenology. Johnston, Root Kustritz, Olson. 2001. Saunders
  • Neonatología y pediatría canina y felina. 2004. A. Prats. Interamericana.
  • Current Therapy in Theriogenology 2. 1986. Morrow. Saunders.

Diagnòstic per la Imatge 

  • Burk, R.L. Small animal radiology and ultrasonography [Recurs electrònic] : a diagnostic atlas and text St. Louis : Saunders, 2003
  • Capello V, Angela M. Lennox ; with William R. Widmer. Clinical radiology of exotic companion mammals / Ames, Iowa.  Wiley-Blackwell, 2008
  • Dennis R... [et al.] Handbook of small animal radiology and ultrasound [Recurs electrònic] : techniques and differential diagnosis 2010
  • Dennis, Barr, Kirkberger, Wrigley. Handbook of small animal radiological differential diagnosis. Elsevier 2010
  • Kealy, J.K.: Diagnostic radiology and ultrasonography of the dog and cat. Saunders, 2010
  • Nyland TG and John S. Mattoon. Small animal diagnostic ultrasound [Recurs electrònic] Edició2nd ed.PublicacióPhiladelphia. WB Saunders, 2002
  • Penninck, D’Anjou Atlas of small animal ultrasonography. Wiley-Blackwell 2008
  • Thrall, D.E.: Textbook of veterinarydiagnostic radiology. Saunders, 2013
  • BSAVA manual of small animal animal diagnostic imaging [Recurs electrònic] : an interactive companion / Martin Sullivan and Vicki Dale
  • BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Abdominal Imaging Edited by: Robert O'Brien and Frances Barr 2009
  • BSAVA Manual of Canineand Feline Musculoskeletal Imaging Edited by:Frances Barr and Robert Kirberger 2006
  • BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Thoracic Imaging Edited by: Tobias Schwarz and Victoria Johnson 2008
  • BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Ultrasonography Edited by Frances Barr and Lorrie Gaschen 2011


  • Hnilica K and Patterson AP. (2017). Small Animal Dermatology. A color atlas and therapeutic guide. Elsevier-Saunders, ST Louis – Missouri. [There is also an e-book version at the library of the school]. Excellent images, well organized and very synthetic.


  • Slatter’s Fundamentals of Veterinary Ophthalmology 6th Edition. (2017). Elsevier


Not necessary any special software.