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Code: 100714 ECTS Credits: 6
Degree Type Year Semester
2500241 Archaeology OB 3 1
The proposed teaching and assessment methodology that appear in the guide may be subject to changes as a result of the restrictions to face-to-face class attendance imposed by the health authorities.


Raquel Piqué Huerta

Use of Languages

Principal working language:
catalan (cat)
Some groups entirely in English:
Some groups entirely in Catalan:
Some groups entirely in Spanish:


Maria Saña Seguí
Raquel Piqué Huerta
Laura Obea Gomez
Marta Alcolea Gracia
Carlos Tornero Dacasa
J. Oriol Lopez Bulto
Cristina Rihuete Herrada


The course "Introduction to Archeology" should have been taken previously.

Objectives and Contextualisation

The course is part of the subject area "Field and Laboratory Methods and Techniques" of the degree in Archaeology. There are 36 ECTS of compulsory courses related to this subject area (Methods and field techniques in prehistoric archaeology, Methods and techniques in historical archaeology, Analysis of artifacts, Analysis and study of archaeological materials, Bioarchaeology and Quantitative Archaeology) aiming at providing basic knowledge on methodology and field and laboratory techniques in archaeology.

The Bioarchaeology course emphasizes those methods and techniques associated with archaeozoological, archaeobotanical and ancient human remains. The methods for describing and analysing the variability of the data are presented, introducing aspects such as the testing of statistical hypotheses or the analysis of qualitative and quantitative relationships. The contents of this subject are aimed at giving students the basic tools that are necessary in order to deal with archaeological materials as a category of historical documents.

The course relies in practical training and is designed to provide a problem-oriented approach   with the help of practical sessions in the teaching lab.



  • Carrying out and managing archaeology fieldwork: excavation and survey.
  • Generating innovative and competitive proposals in research and professional activity.
  • Managing the main methods, techniques and analytic tools in archaeology.
  • Respecting the diversity and plurality of ideas, people and situations.
  • Students must be capable of applying their knowledge to their work or vocation in a professional way and they should have building arguments and problem resolution skills within their area of study.
  • Students must be capable of communicating information, ideas, problems and solutions to both specialised and non-specialised audiences.
  • Students must develop the necessary learning skills to undertake further training with a high degree of autonomy.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Applying both knowledge and analytical skills to the resolution of problems related to their area of study.
  2. Applying implementing protocols of fieldwork and sample collection.
  3. Applying proper techniques and analytical tools in case studies.
  4. Combining technical resources from similar disciplines.
  5. Establishing investigation protocols for original research projects.
  6. Interpreting the archaeological fieldwork results by placing them into their historical context.
  7. Mastering specific techniques and instrumental resources of archaeological laboratory analysis.
  8. Organizing their own time and work resources: designing plans with priorities of objectives, calendars and action commitments.
  9. Recognising and implementing the following teamwork skills: commitment to teamwork, habit of cooperation, ability to participate in the problem solving processes.
  10. Recognising the importance of controlling the quality of the work's results and its presentation.
  11. Submitting works in accordance with both individual and small group demands and personal styles.
  12. Transmitting the results of archaeological research and clearly communicating conclusions in oral and written form to both specialised and non-specialised audiences.
  13. Using computing tools, both basics (word processor or databases, for example) and specialised software needed in the professional practice of archaeology.
  14. Using the specific interpretational and technical vocabulary of the discipline.



Block 1.- Archaeobotany

- Nature and specificity of archaeobotanical remains

- Formation of  the archaeobotanical record.

- Methods and techniques for recovering botanical remains

- The determination of archaeobotanical remains

- Seed and fruit remains: food resources and products, processing and consumption

- Anthracology and dendrology: the management of forest resources

- Palynology: the vegetal landscape


Block 2.- Archaeozoology

- Fauna analysis in the framework of archaeological research projects. Goals, trends and key concepts in archaeozoology. Integrating archaeozoological problems to archaeological research.

- The nature of the paleofaunistic record. Micromammals, fish, molluscs and birds. Other categories of remains: amphibians, reptiles, insects and mites

- The formation of fauna remains: archaeotaphonomy. The incorporation of animal remains to the archaeological sites: agents and conditions. Archaeotaphonomy assessment.

- The recovery of fauna remains: units and conditions. Representativeness of faunal assemblages: the problem of sampling.

- Anatomical and taxonomic classification of fauna remains. The reference collection. The handbooks. Problems with the determination of morphologically close species. Biometry. DNA. Categories and classification units used in archeozoology. Databases and recording methods.

- Determination of the structure of the slaughtered animal populations. The estimation of age: tooth wear and epiphyseal closure assessment. X-rays. Sex determination. Morphology and osteometric criteria.

- Anthropic modifications. Traces linked to processing, distribution and consumption of animal resources. Identification of work processes through the analysis of changes in bone surfaces. Techniques involved in the preparation of food for consumption: identification and characterization based on the analysis of thermal alterations. Analysis of fracture patterns and their relationship with the processing and consumption of animals and animal products.

- The spatial analysis of fauna remains. Bone breakage, refiting and anatomical articulations.

- Quantification and statistical treatment. Sample representativity. Number of remains and minimum number of individuals. Skeletal parts frequencies. Evaluation of potentially supplied biomass.

- The interpretation: management of animal resources. Different trends in Archaeozoology.


Block 3.- Human Osteoarchaeology (anthropology)

- Bone tissues, anatomical standards, human variability and osteological determination.

- Human bones of the axial skeleton

- Human bones of the appendicular skeleton

- Principles of demographic analysis (1): age-at-death estimation.

- Principles of demographic analysis (2): sex estimation.

- Tomb excavation & record: orientation, position, sequencing and funerary taphonomy.

- Human bones in funerary practices research.


The course is of a practical nature and it will be taught in the teaching laboratories of the Department of Prehistory.

Basic procedures for the analysis of archaeological remains will be learned by means of case study applications and practical exercises.

Distribution of hours per block:

- Archaeozoology: 21 hours

- Archaeobotany: 21 hours

- Anthropology: 12 hours

Annotation: Within the schedule set by the centre or degree programme, 15 minutes of one class will be reserved for students to evaluate their lecturers and their courses or modules through questionnaires.


Title Hours ECTS Learning Outcomes
Type: Directed      
Practical sessions 50 2 3, 2, 4, 7
Type: Supervised      
Exercices based on ICT 15 0.6 3, 1
Type: Autonomous      
Written assignment 80 3.2 3, 1, 6, 8, 11, 10, 12, 14, 13


Attendance to practical classes is compulsory; exercises and practical work will be required for each one of the three blocks.

Written tests will also be required for some of the contents of the course.


Weighting evaluation activities:

Archaeobotany: delivery of practical exercises 24% (4 deliveries, each represents 6%), final written test 16%

Archaeozoology: delivery of practical exercises 20%, final written test 20%

Anthropology: delivery of practical exercise 20%



A second evaluation is foreseen for those students not having passed the first one if the following requirements are met:

- All tests for each one of the three blocks must have been taken.

- All practical sessions must have been attended.



At the time of completion/delivery of each assessment activity, the teacher will inform (Moodle, SIA) of the procedure and date of revision of the grades.

The student will be classified as Non-evaluable when he has not delivered more than 30% of the evaluation activities.

In the event of a student committing any irregularity that may lead to a significant variation in the grade awarded to an assessment activity, the student will be given a zero for this activity, regardless of any disciplinary process that may take place. In the event of several irregularities in assessment activities of the same subject, the student will be given a zero as the final grade for this subject.

In the event that tests or exams cannot be taken onsite, they will be adapted to an online format made available through the UAB’s virtual tools (original weighting will be maintained). Homework, activities and class participation will be carried out through forums, wikis and/or discussion on Teams, etc. Lecturers will ensure that students are able to access these virtual tools, or will offer them feasible alternatives.

Assessment Activities

Title Weighting Hours ECTS Learning Outcomes
Delivery of practical exercices 64% 3 0.12 3, 2, 1, 4, 7, 6, 8, 11, 10, 12, 14, 13
Exams 36% 2 0.08 5, 11, 9, 12, 14


Bloc 1.- Arqueobotànica

ALONSO, Natàlia. 1999 De la llavor a la farina. Els processos agrícoles protohistòrics a la Catalunya OccidentalMonographies d’Archéologie Meditérranéenne, 4, CNRS.

ALONSO, Natàlia. 2000 “Cultivos y producción agrícola en época ibérica”, a III Reunión d’Economía Ibérica, Saguntum, Saguntum, extra 3, Valencia, 2000, pp. 25-46.

ANDERSON P. (dir.), 1992 Préhistoire de l'Agriculture. Nouvelles Approches expérimentales et ethnographiques, Monographie du CRA, nº6, p.321-339

BEKKER, R.M., CAPPERS, R. T.J AND NEEF, R. 2011. Digital Atlas of Economic Plants in Archaeology. The Digital Atlas series (including Cappers, R. T.J., Bekker, R. M. and Jans, J.E.A. 2009. Digital Atlas of Economic Plants) is well illustrated and provides detailed information. supported by online databases. This series is a joint project of the Groningen Institute of Archaeology (GIA), the Community and Conservation Ecology Group (COCON), both of the University of Groningen (the Netherlands), and the Deutsches Archäologisches Institut (DAI, Berlin, Germany).

BEHRE, K.-E. i S. JACOMET 1991 “The Ecological Interpretation of Archaeobotanical Data” a: VAN ZEIST, W.; K. WASYLIKOWA; K.-E. BEHRE Progress in Old World Palaeoethnobotany, Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema, 1991:81-108

BILLAMBOZ, A. 1996. “Tree-rings and pile dwellings in southwestern Germany: Following in the footsteps of Bruno Huber”. In Dean, J. S., Meko, D. M., and Swetnam, T. S. (eds.), Tree-Rings, Environment, and Humanity: Proceedings of the International Conference, Tucson, 1994, Radiocarbon, Tucson, AZ, pp. 471–483.

BUXO, Ramon. 1998 Arqueología de las plantas Crítica, Barcelona.

BUXÓ, Ramon.; PIQUÉ, Raquel. 2008.Arqueobotànica. Los usos de las plantas en la Península Ibèrica. Barcelona: Ariel

CHABAL, Lucie. 1988 “Pourquoi et comment prélever les charbons de bois pour la période antique: les méthodes utilisées sur le site de Lattes (Hérault)” Lattara 1:187-222

CHABAL, Lucie. 1992 “La représentativité paléo-écologique des charbons de bois archéologiques issus du bois de feu” Les Charbons de Bois, les Anciens Écosystèmes et le rôle de l’Homme. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France, 139, Actualités Botaniques, 1992-2/3/4:213-236

COLLEDGE, Sue., CONOLLY, J.W., SHENNAN, S.J. 2004. Archaeobotanical evidence for the spread of farming in the East Mediterranean. Current Anthropology, 45 (4), 35-58. doi:10.1086/42208

DAMBLON Frederic. (ed.). 2013. Proceedings of the Fourth International Meeting of Anthracology. British Archaeological Records International Series 2486: 1-251.DIMBLEDY, G.W. 1985 The palinology of archaeological sites. Academic Press, London.

HARDY, Karen. AND KUBIAK-MARTENS, L (Eds) 2016. Wild Harvest: Plants inthe Hominin and Pre-Agrarian Human Worlds. Oxbow Books

HARRIS, D.R. i THOMAS, K.D. ed. 1991 Modelling Ecological Change. Paper from the tenth Aniversary Conference of the Association for Environmental Archaeology Held at the Institute of Archaeology, UCL :91-102

HILLMAN, Gordon. 1981 “Reconstructing Crop Husbandry Practices from Charred Remains of Crops”, a R. Mercer (ed.), Farming Practice in British Prehistory, p.123-162.

HILLMAN, Gordon.C. 1984a “Interpretation of archaeological plant remains: the aplication of ethnographic models from Turkey” a W. van Zeist - W.A. Casparie (ed.), Plants and Ancient Man. Studies in Palaeoethnobotany, Rotterdam, p.1-41

JACOMET, Stéphanie. 2006. Identification of cereal remains from archaeological sites. (2nd edition, 2006) IPNA, Universität Basel / Published by the IPAS, Basel University. Download from http://pages.unibas.ch/arch/archbot/pdf/index.html

JACQUIOT, C. 1955 Atlas d'anatomie des bois de Conifères Centre Technique du bois, Paris, 2 vol.

JACQUIOT, C.; TRENARD, Y.; DIROL, D. 1973 Atlas d'anatomie des bois des Angiospermes Centre Technique du bois, Paris, 2 vol.

JENSEN, H ARNE. 1998. Bibliography on seed morphology. Balkema, Rotterdam. INST ARCH BB 5 JEN

JONES, G. 1992 “Weed phytosociology and crop husbandry: identifyins a contrast between ancient and modern practice”, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 73:133-143.

JONES, G.E.M. 1984 “Interpretation of archaeological plant remains: Ethnographic models from Greece”, aW.van Zeist i W.A. Casparie (ed.), Plants and Ancient Man.Studies in Palaeoethnobotany, Rotterdam, p.43-61.

JONES, G.E.M. 1991 “Numerical Analysis in archaeobotany” a: VAN ZEIST, WASYLIKOWA i BEHRE (eds.) Progress in Old World Palaeoethnobotany: 63-80, Balkema, Rotterdam

JONES, M.K. 1991 “Sampling in Paleoethnobotany” a: VAN ZEIST, WASYLIKOWA i BEHRE (eds.) Progress in Old World Palaeoethnobotany 53-62 Balkema, Rotterdam

KING, F.B. i GRAHAM, R.W. 1981 “Effets of Ecological and Paleoecological Patterns on Subsistence and Paleoenvironmental Reccontructions” American Antiquity, vol. 46, nº 1:128-142

LUDEMANN, T. 2002. Anthracology and forest sites: the contribution of charcoal analysis to our knowledge of natural forest vegetation in south-west Germany. In: Thièbault, S. (ed.). Charcoal analysis: methodological approaches, palaeoecological results and wood uses. British Archaeological Reports International Series 1063: 209-217.

MARGUERIE, Dominic; HUNOT, J.-Y. 2007. Charcoal analysis and dendrology: data from archaeological sites in north-western France. Journal of Archaeological Science 34: 1417–1433.

MILLER, Naomi. F. 1988 “Ratios in paleoethnobotanical analysis” a C. A. HASTORF & V. S. POPPER (Eds) Current paleoethnobotany: analytical methods and cultural interpretations of achaeological plant remains. Chicago, University Press: 72-85

NASH S. E. "Archaeological Tree-Ring Dating at the Millennium” Journal of Archaeological Research, Vol. 10, No. 3, September 2002. Pp:243-275

PEARSALL, D. M. 2000 Paleoethnobotany, second edition. New York: Academic Press.

PEÑA CHOCARRO, Leonor. 1992 “Los modelos etnográficos en Arqueobotànica: los cereales vestidos”, a IJornadas Internacionales sobre Tecnologia Agraria Tradicional, p.21-29

PIPERNO,Dolores. 1988 Phytolith analysis. An archaeological and geological perspective. Academic Press. San Diego.

PIQUÉ, Raquel. 1999 Producción y uso del combustible vegetal: una evaluación arqueològica. Treballs d’Etnoarqueologia 3, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid (1999)

SCHWEINGRUBER, Fritz. H. 1978 Mikroskopische holzanatomie Zürcher A.G. Zug

SCHWEINGRUBER, Fritz. H. 1990 Anatomie europäischer Hölzer. Bern und Stuttgart

SCHWEINGRUBER, Fritz. H. 1996 Tree rings and environment dendroecology. Birmensdorf: Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research- Berne: Haupt.

SHACKLETON, C.M. and PRINS, F. 1992 “Charcoal analysis and the "Principle of least effort"- A Conceptual Model” Journal of Archaeological Science, pp: 631-637

SMART, T.L.; E.S. HOFFMAN 1988 “Environmental Interpretation of Archaeological Charcoal” a: HASTORF, C.A.; V.S. POPPER Current Paleoethnobotany: Analytical Methods and Cultural Interpretations of Archaeological Plant Remains The University of Chicago Press:167-205

THÉRY-PARISOT, Isabel; CHABAL, Lucie. & CHRZAVZEZ, J. 2010. Anthracology and taphonomy, from wood gathering to charcoal analysis: a review of the taphonomic processes modifying charcoal assemblages, in archaeological contexts. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 291: 142-153.

THIÉBAULT, Stéphanie. (Ed.). 2002. Charcoal analysis: methodological approaches, palaeoecological results and wood uses. British Archaeological Reports International Series, 1063: 1-284.

VAN ZEIST, W.; WASYLIKOWA, K. i BERHE, K.E. 1991 Progres in Old World Palaeoetnobotany. Rotterdam: Balkema.

WILCOX, George 2005.The distribution, natural habitats and availability of wild cereals in relation to their domestication in the Near East: multiple events, multiplecentres. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 14, 534-541.

ZOHARY, D., HOPF, M. AND WEISS, E. 2012. Domestication of Plants in the Old World, 4th edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [earlier editions are found under INST ARCH HA ZOH; Issue Desk IOA ZOH] This focuses on crops domesticated in the Near East and which spread to Europe. It also provides useful illustrations for the identification of many of these taxa.










Bloc 2. Arqueozoologia




TEMA 1. Les anàlisis de fauna en el marc dels projectes d'investigació arqueològica:


  DAVIS, S.J.M. (1989). La arqueología de los animales, Barcelona, Ediciones Bellaterra S.A.

  CHAIX, L., MÉNIEL, P.(2005). Manual de arqueozoología. Editorial Ariel, Barcelona.

  ESTÉVEZ, J. (1991). "Cuestiones de fauna en arqueologia". Arqueologia, nuevas tendencias: 57-81, Madrid, CSIC.

  HESSE, B., WAPNISH, P. (1985). Animal bone Archaeology. From objectives to analysis. Manuals on Archaeology, 5. Washington, Taraxacum.

  PERES,TANYA M. (2010). Methodological Issues in Zooarchaeology, in: A.M. VanDerwarker and T.M. Peres (eds.), Integrating Zooarchaeology and Paleoethnobotany:A Consideration of Issues, Methods, and Cases, Springer Science,

 REITZ, ELIZABETH J., I ELIZABETH S. WING. (2008). Zooarchaeology, 2nd edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

 TEMA 2. La naturalesa del registre paleofaunístic:

 BAKER, ANNE S. (2009). Acari in archaeology. Exp Appl Acarol.,49:147–160.

 BOUCHET, F. (1997). "La parasitologie: une discipline biologique au service de l'archéozoologie". Anthropozoologica, nº 25-26: 61-64.

 BRINKHUIZEN, D.C. & CLASON, A.T. (eds.) (1986). Fish & Archaeology. Oxford: BAR International Series 294.

 GILBERT, B. M., L. D. MARTIN, H. G. SAVAGE (1985). Avian Osteology. Flagstaff: B. Miles Gilbert.

 KENWARD, H., CARROTT, J. (2006). Insect species associations characterize past occupation sites. Journal of Archaeological Science 33: 1452-1473.

  SHAHACK-GROSS, R. (2010). Herbivorous livestock dung: Formation, taphonomy, methods for identification, and archaeological implications, Journal of Archaeological Science, doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2010.09.019

 STAHL, P.W. (1996). The recovery and interpretation of microvertebrate bone assemblages from archaeological contexts. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 3:31-75.

 WHEELER, A., JONES, A.K. (1989). Fishes. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

TEMA 3. La formació dels conjunts de restes de fauna: l’arqueotafonomia:

BLASCO, M.F. (1992). Tafonomia y Prehistoria. Métodos y procedimientos de investigación, Zaragoza, Universidad de Zaragoza.

GISELA GRUPE (2007). Taphonomic and Diagenetic Processes,in: HENKE i TATTERSALL (Edt.): Handbook of Paleoanthropology, Pages: 241-259, Springer, Berlin.

LYMAN, R. L. (1994). Vertebrate taphonomy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

O'CONNOR, T. (Edt.) (2004). Biosphere to Lithosphere: New Studies in Vertebrate Taphonomy, Oxbow Books.

TEMA 4. La recuperació de les restes de fauna: unitats i condicions:

 CLASON, ANTJE TRIENTJE, AND WIETSKE PRUMMEL. 1977. Collecting, Sieving, and Archaeozoological Research. Journal of Archaeological Science 4:171–175.

 GORDON, ELIZABETH A. 1993. Screen Size and Differential Faunal Recovery: A Hawaiian Example. Journal of Field Archaeology 20(4):453–460.

 JAMES, S.R. (1997). Methodological issues concerning screen size recovery rates and their effects on archaeofaunal interpretations. Journal of Archaeological Science 24:385-398.


TEMA 5. La determinació de les restes de fauna:

CANNON, D.Y. (1987). Marine Fish Osteology: a manual for archaeologists. Burnaby, BC: Simon Fraser University

COHEN, A. & SERJEANTSON, D. (1996). A manual for the identification of bird bones from archaeological sites. London:Birkbeck College.

HELMER, D.  (1995). "Biometria i arqueozoologia a partir d'alguns exemples del Pròxim Orient", Cota Zero, 11: 51-60.

HILLSON, S. W. (1992). Mammal bones and teeth: an introductory guide to methods of identification. Institute of Archaeology, University College London, London, U.K.

HILLSON, S. W.(2005). Teeth. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.


TEMA 6. Determinació de l'estructura de les poblacions animals sacrificades:

GREENFIELD, HASKEL J.(2010) 'The Secondary Products Revolution:the past, the present and the future', World Archaeology, 42: 1, 29 – 54.

HALSTEAD, P. 1998. Mortality models and milking: problems ofuniformitarism, optimality and equifinality reconsidered. Anthropozoologica, 27: 3–20.

MULVILLE, J. i OUTRAM, A. (eds) 2005. The Zooarchaeology of Fats, Oils, Milk and Dairying (9th ICAZ conference proceedings). Oxford: Oxbow.

ROWLEY-CONWY, PETER (2004). Age at Death: A Zooarchaeological Technique with Implications for Anthropology, Agricultural economics and History. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies in History and Archaeology Vol. 1, No.1 (Summer 2004), pp. 51–59.

RUSCILLO, D. (Edt.) (2005). Recent advances in ageing and sexing animal bones, Oxbow Books, Oxford.


TEMA 7. Traces vinculades al processament, distribució i consum dels recursos animals:

SANDRINE COSTAMAGNO, FRANCINE DAVID (2009). Comparison of butchering and culinary practices of different siberian reindeer herding groups. Archaeofauna 18: 9-25.

GIFFORD-GONZÁLEZ, D. 1993: Gaps in zooarchaeology analysis of butchery: Is gender an issue? In: Hudson, J. (ed.): From Bones to Behavior: Ethnoarchaeological and Experimental Contributions to the Interpretation of Faunal Remains: 181-199. Center for Archaeological Investigations, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, Carbondale.

GREENFIELD, H.J. (1999). The origins of metallurgy: distinguishing stone from metal cut-marks on bones from archaeological sites. Journal of Archaeological Science 26, 797-808.

OUTRAM, A.K. 2001: “A new approach to identifying Bone Marrow and Grease exploitation: why the “indeterminate” fragments should not be ignored”. Journal of Archaeological Science 28: 401-410.


TEMA 8. La quantificació i tractamentestadístic:

DONALD K. GRAYSON & CAROL J. FREY (2004). Measuring Skeletal Part Representation in Archaeological Faunas. Journal ofTaphonomy 2 (1): 27-42.

GRAYSON, DONALD K. (1979). On the Quantification of Vertebrate Archaeofaunas. In Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, vol. 2, edited by Michael B. Schiffer, pp. 199–237. Academic Press: New York.

 LYMAN, R.L. (2008). Quantitative paleozoology, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge


TEMA 9. La interpretació: el mode de gestió dels recursos animals:

 MALTBY, M. (Edt.) (2005). Integrating Zooarchaeology, Oxbow Books, Oxford.

O'DAY,J., VAN NEER, W. (Edts.) (2003). Behaviour Behind Bones: The Zooarchaeology of Ritual, Religion, Status and Identity, David Brown Book Company.

ROWLEY-CONWY, P. (Edt.) (2000). Animal Bones, Human Societies, Oxbow Books, Oxford.



Virtual comparative specimens:



Zooarch e-mail list:


Zooarchaeological organizations:

Archeozoo –  http://www.archeozoo.org/en

International Council for ArchaeoZoology http://www.alexandriaarchive.org/icaz/

Bone Commons (ICAZ) - http://www.alexandriaarchive.org/bonecommons/

Sites to buy skeletons and casts:




ArchNet: Faunal Resources (Links related to identification of animal remains):


Bioarchaeological References:


Computerised Bone Templates (presents an approach to the computerized recording of graphical zooarchaeological data using digital image templates and graphic software packages):


ICAZ Animal Palaeopathology Working Group:


Zooarchaeology Information and Resources:




Boc 3.- Antropologia física

1. Osteologia humana, antropologia biològica, tafonomia i paleopatologia

BOTELLA, M.C., ALEMÁN, I. y JIMÉNEZ, S.A. (1999), Los huesos humanos. Manipulación y alteraciones. Ed. Bellaterra, Barcelona.

BUIKSTRA, J. i UBELAKER, D.H.(eds) (1994), Standards for data collection from human skeletal remains. Proceedings of a Seminar at the Field Museum of Natural History organized by Jonathan Haas, Arkansas Archaeological Survey Research Serie nº 44, Indianapolis.

CAMPILLO, D. i SUBIRÁ, M. E. (2004), Antropologíafísica para arqueólogos. Ariel, Barcelona.

HILLSON, S (1996), Dental Anthropology, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

KIMMERLE, E. H. i BARAYBAR, J.P. (2008), Skeletal trauma. Identification of injuries resulting from human rights abuse and armed conflict.  CRC Press, Londres.

ORTNER, D.J. (2003), Identification of paleopathological conditions in human skeletal remains, Smithsonian Institution, Washington.

ROBERTS, Ch. i MANCHESTER, K. (1995), The archaeology of disease. 2ª ed., Cornell University Press, Ithaca, Nova York.

SCHAEFER, M., BLACK, S. i SCHEUER, L. (2009), Juvenile osteology. A laboratory and field manual. Academic Press, Londres.

TERMCAT (1993), Diccionari d’anatomia, Colecció Diccionaris terminològics, Fundació Barcelona, Barcelona.

UBELAKER, D. H.  (1984), Human skeletal remains. Excavation, analysis, interpretation, ediciónrevisada, Smithsonian Institution, Washington. (trad. castellà: Enterramientos humanos. Excavación, análisis, interpretación. Munibe, supl. 24, Sociedad de Ciencias Aranzadi, Donostia, 2003).

WALDRON, T. (2009), Palaeopathology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

WHITE, T. D.  (1991, 2011 -3ª ed.-), Human Osteology,  Academic Press, Nova York.


2. Aplicacions bioarqueològiques

AMBROSE, S.H. i KATZENBERG, M. A. (eds.), (2000), Biogeochemical Approaches to Paleodietary Analysis. Advances in Archaeological and Museum Science 5, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Londres.

BOCQUET-APPEL, J.P. (2008), Recent Advances in Paleodemography. Springer, Dordrecht.

BROWN, T. i BROWN, K. (2011), Biomolecular Archaeology. An introduction. Wiley-Blackwell. Oxford.

COHEN, M. N. i CRANE-KRAMER, G. M.M. (eds.) (2007),Ancient Health. Skeletal indicators of agricultural and economic intensification. University of Florida, Tampa.

RIHUETE, C. (2000), Dimensiones bioarqueológicas de los contextos funerarios. Estudio de los restos humanos de la necrópolis de la Cova des Càrritx (Ciutadella, Menorca), Tesis doctoral, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. [http://tdx.cat/handle/10803/5500?show=full]

DELGADO DARIAS, T. (2009), La historia en los dientes. Una aproximación a la Prehistoria de Gran Canaria desde la Antropología Dental. Cabildo de Gran Canaria, Col. Cuadernos de Patrimonio Histórico nº 8, Las Palmas.

DUDAY, H. (2009), The Archaeology of the Dead: Lectures in Archaeothanatology. Oxbow Books, Londres.

GELLER, P.L. (2017) The bioarchaeology of socio-sexual lives. Springer, Cham.

GOWLAND, R. i KNÜSEL, Ch. (eds.) (2006), Social Archaeology of Funerary Remains. Oxbow Books, Londres.

JURMAIN, R. (1999), Stories from the skeleton. Behavioral Reconstruction in Human Osteology.  Gordon & Breach, Londres.

KATZENBERG, M. A. i SAUNDERS, S. R. (eds.) (2008), Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton.  2ª ed.,Wiley-Liss, Hoboken.

LARSEN, C.E., HILLSON, S.W., BOZ, B., PILLOUD, M.A., SADVARI, J.W., AGARWAL, S.C., GLENCROSS, B., BEAUCHESNE, P.,  PEARSON, J., RUFF, Ch.B., GAROFALO, P., HAGER, L.D., HADDOW, S.D. y KNÜSEL, Ch.J. (2015), “ Bioarchaeology of Neolithic Çatalhöyük: lives and lifestyles of an early farming society in transition”, Journal of World Prehistory, DOI 10.1007/s10963-015-9084-6.

LEWIS, M.E. (2007), The Bioarchaeology of Children. Perspectives from biological and forensic anthropology. Cambrdige University Press, Cambridge.

MÁRQUEZ GRANT, N., RISSECH, C., LÓPEZ-COSTAS, O., ALEMÁN, I. i CARO, L. (2011), “Spain”, en MÁRQUEZ GRANT, N. y FIBIGER, L. (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Archaeological Human Remains and Legislation. Routledge, Nova York: 423-440.

MARTIN, D.L. i HARROD, R.P. (2015), “Bioarchaeological contributions to the study of violence”, Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, 156: 116-145.

MARTIN, D.L., HARROD, R.P. i PÉREZ, V.R. (2013), Bioarchaeoogy. An integrated approach to working with human remains. Manuals in Archaeological Method, Theory and Technique, Springer, Nova York.

RIHUETE, C. (2000), Dimensiones bioarqueológicas de los contextos funerarios. Estudio de los restos humanos de la necrópolis de la Cova des Càrritx (Ciutadella, Menorca), Tesis doctoral, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. [http://tdx.cat/handle/10803/5500?show=full]

ROBERTS, Ch. A. (2009), Human remains in archaeology: a handbook. Council for British Archaeology, col. Practical Handbooks in Archaeology, nº 19, York.

STODDER, A.L.W., i PALKOVICH, A.M. (eds.) (2012), The bioarchaeology of individuals. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.

WEISS, E. (2009), Bioarchaeological Science. What we have learned from human skeletal remains. Nova Science, Nova York.


3. Recursos electrònics

Kimmerle, E.H., TISE, M.L. y HUMPHRIES, A.L.( 2012), Data Collection Protocol for Human Identification



Explorador d’anatomia humana Inner Body amb secció específica sobre el sistema esquelètic



The University of Texas: osteologia i anatomía primatològica comparada; inclou vistes 3D i moviment



Exercicis d’osteologia humana



Jocs d’osteologia humana Whack-a-Bone



Osteoware, Smithsonian Institution (2011): software lliure per el registre informatitzat de restes humanes en bases de dades (basat en els Standards de Buikstra i Ubelaker – inclou manual)



Exhumació de fosses de la guerra civil espanyola. Conferència de Francisco Etxeberria (Porreres, Mallorca, 19 de novembre de 2016)