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History of Opera

Code: 100655 ECTS Credits: 6
Degree Type Year Semester
2500240 Musicology OB 3 1
The proposed teaching and assessment methodology that appear in the guide may be subject to changes as a result of the restrictions to face-to-face class attendance imposed by the health authorities.


Francesc D Assi Cortes Mir

Use of Languages

Principal working language:
catalan (cat)
Some groups entirely in English:
Some groups entirely in Catalan:
Some groups entirely in Spanish:


It's necessary musical knowledge, minimun requiered Medium Degree of Conservatory training, achieved in the subjects of Musical Language


Objectives and Contextualisation

The objective of the lesson is focused over the opera as a complex phaenomena, with different kinds of languages: music, literature, theatrical sources and visual art. The social aspects will resolve the purpose of the opera, and its changes around the history.


  • Developing critical thinking and reasoning and communicating them effectively both in your own and other languages.
  • Know and understand the historical evolution of music, its technical, stylistic, aesthetic and interpretative characteristics from a diachronic perspective.
  • Recognise the role of music in current society, its function in performances, its relationship with audio-visual culture, technology and informatics, and with leisure and cultural enterprises.
  • Students must be capable of applying their knowledge to their work or vocation in a professional way and they should have building arguments and problem resolution skills within their area of study.
  • Students must have and understand knowledge of an area of study built on the basis of general secondary education, and while it relies on some advanced textbooks it also includes some aspects coming from the forefront of its field of study.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Analysing ideas about an artistic phenomenon in a given cultural context.
  2. Analysing the creators of an artistic phenomenon in a specific cultural context.
  3. Analysing the recipients of an artistic phenomenon in a specific cultural context.
  4. Correctly interpret the existing links between text and music, from a literary, structural and semantic viewpoint.
  5. Define the processes of periodisation and stylistic classification and usual typology in the historical conceptualisation of the musical fact.
  6. Distinguish between the main models of opera composition, in its double literary and musical facets, in each period of history.
  7. Distinguish between the main principles of scene direction for different periods of history.
  8. Historically define the different periods of opera as a musical genre.
  9. Identify and classify the different types of voice and voice therapy/use of the voice.
  10. Identify the existing links between differen lyrical genres in each of the periods of history and understand the mechanisms of musical transit and and influences between said genres and subgenres.
  11. Identifying the main and secondary ideas and expressing them with linguistic correctness.
  12. Indicate the elements that make up the operatic performance from a double perspective: synchronic and diachronic.
  13. Integrate knowledge acquired in the production of clear and concise appropriate to the academic and specialist communication.
  14. Present knowledge about the history, art or other cultural movements.
  15. Produce correct, precise and clear argumental and terminological writing of knowledge acquired, both in the area of musical specialisation and dissemination.
  16. Recognise the differen scenographic models of the lyrical genre throughout history.
  17. Relate the process of creation of repertoire to the different agents participating in opera consumption, both today and in different periods of history.
  18. Relate the production of opera librettos with the main literary trends of their time in history.
  19. Relating elements and factors involved in the development of historical processes.
  20. Solve problems of a methodological nature in the area of musicology.
  21. Summarising acquired knowledge about the origin and transformations experienced in its several fields of study.
  22. Use specific vocabulary related to lyrical repertoire.
  23. Use the vocabulary of musicology related to each period of history.
  24. Value and understand the influence of technical innovations in the conception of opera as a theatrical performance, beyond the musical fact.
  25. Value lyrical creation as a result of the social manifestations of each period and distinguish between the differents types of social function that they fulfil.


1. Elements of dramatical style:  The voice and vocality; Action, scene, music; Musical form and conventionalism; The musical consume.

2. The precedent: from florentine intermezzi to first operas just Claudio Monteverdi, drammaturgy, "precept" and theater.  

3. Baroque italian opera

4. The opera in french Illustration

5. Opera buffa versus Opera seria: Italian opera in United Kingdom: Händel and Beggar's opera; Metastasio and baroque conventions.

6. Classicism, Illustration and Opera: Mozart and others: Piccini, Paisiello, Galuppi and Cimarosa; The French Revolution: new public, political propaganda.          

7. The muse named G. Rossini.

8. Theatre and bourgeois city durind the XIX century: The romantic melodrama.       

9.  Risorgimento and Verdi.   

10. Searching identities: national opera. The idea of a german music staged in the opera: Carl Ma. von Weber. Bohemian opera. Una inutile precauzione, national opera in Spain.

11. French romantic prototype: Grande Opéra, operette, opéra lyrique.        

12. Art and Future: Wagner.                         

13. Italy during fin de siècle: crisis and success of verismo. 

14. Discovering russian and slave opera.          

15. Simbolism: Strauss, Korngold, and  Debussy.

16. New forms: Berg, Schönberg, Schrecker, Stravinsky. The crisis of the opera? 

17. Cry and freedom in post-war period: dodecaphonism, experimental opera.

18. Public with informed language: Britten, Henze, Menotti, Poulenc.

19. Thinking about the crisis during the seventies

20. New century and contemporary opera: Messiaen i Zimmermann.

21. Régisseur de scène and regietheater. New models in current days.


The course will be articulated through master classes, Seminars with Problem Solving (ABP) around an operatic title, and comments on viewings / auditions of fragments of operas. 
The activities can be followed from the Virtual Campus and / or from teaching. Attended.

Annotation: Within the schedule set by the centre or degree programme, 15 minutes of one class will be reserved for students to evaluate their lecturers and their courses or modules through questionnaires.


Title Hours ECTS Learning Outcomes
Type: Directed      
Lesson 15 0.6 2, 3, 1, 12, 15, 5, 8, 6, 7, 9, 10, 14, 11, 13, 4, 16, 17, 19, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25
Practical sessions 10 0.4 2, 3, 1, 12, 15, 5, 8, 6, 7, 9, 10, 14, 11, 13, 4, 16, 17, 19, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25
Seminaries 19 0.76 2, 3, 1, 12, 15, 5, 8, 6, 7, 9, 10, 14, 11, 13, 4, 16, 17, 19, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25
Type: Supervised      
Tutorial 11 0.44 2, 3, 1, 12, 15, 5, 8, 7, 9, 14, 11, 13, 4, 16, 17, 19, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 25
Type: Autonomous      
Check and analysis scores 30 1.2 2, 3, 1, 12, 15, 5, 8, 6, 7, 9, 10, 14, 11, 13, 4, 16, 17, 19, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25
Opera visualize 30 1.2 2, 3, 1, 12, 15, 5, 8, 6, 7, 9, 10, 14, 11, 13, 4, 16, 17, 19, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25
Study 30 1.2 2, 3, 1, 12, 15, 5, 8, 6, 7, 9, 10, 14, 11, 13, 4, 16, 17, 19, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25


A system of continuous evaluation is proposed based on the evaluable activities carried out in the Seminars. There will be two partial exams, each of which will include half of the subject. Its content and typology will be indicated on the Virtual Campus.
In order to be evaluated, all the evaluation evidence must be completed. The student who has not taken all the evidence of assessment will be considered "Not assessable". 
At the time of carrying out each evaluation activity, the teacher will inform the students (via Moodle) of the procedure and date of revision of the grades.
To be able to access the recovery, you must have participated in all the evaluation activities, except for a justified cause, and certified if applicable. Seminars cannot be retrieved. 
In order to recover, it will be necessary to take the recovery of the assessment tests that have been suspended. The student who fails due to a grade below 5 in the Seminars will have to take the global recovery exam.
In the event that the student commits any irregularity that may lead to a significant variation in the grade of an assessment act, this assessment act will be graded with 0, regardless of the disciplinary process that may be instructed.
In the event of several irregularities in the evaluation acts of the same subject, the final grade for this subject will be 0.

Assessment Activities

Title Weighting Hours ECTS Learning Outcomes
Evaluation of the activities of the Seminars 40 % 1 0.04 2, 3, 1, 12, 15, 5, 8, 6, 7, 9, 10, 14, 11, 13, 4, 16, 17, 19, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25
First exam 30 % 2 0.08 2, 3, 1, 12, 15, 5, 8, 6, 7, 9, 10, 14, 11, 13, 4, 16, 17, 19, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25
Second exam 30 % 2 0.08 2, 3, 1, 12, 15, 5, 8, 6, 7, 9, 10, 14, 11, 13, 4, 16, 17, 19, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25


General Bibliography


Abbate, Carolyn; Parker, Roger. A History of Opera. The last 400 years. Allen Lane, 2012.

Alier, Roger.  Guía universal de la ópera. Teià-Barcelona, Ma non Troppo, 2007, 1040 p.

Annunziata, Filipo; Colombo, Giorgio Fabio. Law and Opera. Springer, 2018 (consultable on-line: http://link.springer.com/openurl?genre=book&isbn=978-3-319-68649-3)

Baker, Evan. From the score to the stage: an illustrated history of continental opera production and staging. Chicago, Chicago University Press, 2013.

Basso, Alberto. Musica in scena. 6 vols Torí, UTET, 1995-97.

Bianconi, Lorenzo; Pestelli, Giorgio. Opera on Stage (The History of Italian Opera. Part II). University of Chicago Press, 2002.

Bianconi, Lorenzo; Pestelli, Giorgio. Opera Production and Its Resources. University of Chicago Press, 1998 (ed original en italià: Sotria dell’opera italiana, vol 4, 5, 6. Torino, EDT, 1987-1988).

Casares Rodicio, Emilio. La ópera en España. Procesos de recepción y modelos de creación, vols I-II. Madrid, ICCMU, 2018.

Cortès, Francesc. Història de la música a Catalunya. Barcelona, ed Base- col·lecció Base Històrica n. 73, 2011.

Davidson Reid, Jane (ed.). The Oxford Guide to Classical Mithology in the Arts (1300-1990). Oxford, Oxford University Press,1993.

Gänzl, Kurt. (ed) The Encyclopedia of the Musical Theatre. New York, Schirmer Books, 2001.

Grout, Donald Jay. A Short History of Opera. 3ª ed. New York, Columbia University Press, 1988.

Kerman, Joseph. Opera and the morbidity of Music. New York Review Books, 2008.

Kimbell, David. Italian Opera. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Lacombe, Hervé (ed). Histoire de l'opéra français. Du Consulat aux débuts de la IIIème République. Paris, Fayard, 2000.

Leibowitz, René. Historia de la ópera. Madrid, Taurus Humanidades, 1990.

Loewnberg, A. Annals of Opéra 1597-1950. Génova, 1955 (2ª edición).

Pahlen, Kurth. Diccionario de la ópera. Barcelona, Emecé, 1995.

Parker, Roger. Historia ilustrada de la ópera. Barcelona Paidós, 1998.

Pedrell, Felip. Por Nuestra Música. Barcelona, ed Henrich, 1891 (reed. Bellaterra, Servei de Publicacions de la UAB, 1991).

Radigales, Jaume. L’Òpera: música, teatre i espectacle. Barcelona, Pòrtic, 1999.

Sadie, S.; Jacobs, A. El libro de la ópera. Madrid, Rialp, 1998.

Smith, Patrick. The Tenth Muse: A historical Study of the opera libretto. New York. Knopf, 1970.

Snowman, Daniel. La ópera. Una historia social. Madrid, Siruela, 2016 (2ª ed)

Suárez García, José Ignacio; Sobrino, Ramón; Cortizo, María Encina (eds). Música lírica y prensa en España (1868-1936): ópera, drama lírico y zarzuela. Oviedo, Ediciones de la Universidad de Oviedo, Hispanic Music Series, 2018.

Warrack, John; West, E. The Oxford dictionary of Opera. Oxford, Oxford  University Press, 1992.


Tema 1


Barthes, Roland. Image, musique, texte. London, Fontana Press, 1977.

Beauvert, Thierry. Opera Houses of the World. London, Thames and Hudson, 1996.

Bianconi, Lorenzo (ed). La drammaturgia musicale. Bologna, Il Mulino, 1994.

Donington. Robert. Opera and Its Symbols: The Unity of Words, Music and Staging. Yale University Press, 1990.

Duncan, David Allen. Birth of Opera.Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2013.

Miscevic, Pierre. Divas: la force d’un destin. Paris, Hachette, 2006.

Rosselli, John. Singers of Italian Opera. Cambridge University Press, 1995.


Tema 2: els precedents

Cotticelli, Francesco; Maione, Paologiovanni. Storia della musica e dello spettacolo a Napoli: Il Settecento. Napoli, Centro di Musica Antica Pietà dei Turchini, 2020.

Palisca, Claude Victor. The Florentine Camerata. Documentary Studies and Translations. Yale University Press, 1989.


Tema 3: Òpera italiana. inicis


Baldacci, Luigi. La Musica in italiano: libretti d’opera dell’Ottocento. Rizzoli, 1997.

Bruni, Francesco. La maschera e il volto: il teatro in Italia. Venezia, Fondazione Giorgio Cini, 2002.

Cotticelli, Francesco; Maione, Paologiovanni. Storia della musica e dello spettacolo a Napoli: Il Settecento. Napoli, Centro diMusica Antic Pietà dei Turchini, 2009.

Fabris, Dinko. La circolazione dell’opera veneziana del seicento nel IV centenario della nascita di Francesco Cavalli. Napoli, Turchini Edizioni, 2055.

Glixon, Beth Lise. Studies in Seventeenth-Century Opera. Oxon, Routledge, 2016.

Rosand, Ellen. Opera in Sevententh-Century. Venice. The Creaion of a Genre. Berkelye, University of California Press, 1991.

Wilbourne, Emily. Seventeenth-Century Opera and the Sound of the Commedia dell’Arte. Chicago, Chicago University Press, 2016.


Tema 4: L’òpera a la Il·lustració francesa


Bauman,Thomas; Petzolt McClymonds, Marita (eds). Opera and the Enlightenment. Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Fabiano, Andrea. Histoire de l'opéra italien en France (1725-1815) : Héros et Héroïnes d'un roman théâtral. « Sciences de la musique - Séries Études », CNRS Éditions, Paris 2006.

Wood, Caroline; Sadler, Graham. French Baroque Opera: A reader. eBook, 2017. 


Tema 5: Operaseria, opera bufa. Anglaterra


Farrell, Joseph (ed). Carlo Goldoni and Eighteenth-century theatre. Lewiston, Mellen, 1998.

Kimbell, David. Handel onthe Stage. Cambridge University Press, 2016.

Laterza, Guido. Metastasio e il teatro del primo settecento. Laterza, 1974.



Tema 6: l’òpera al Classicisme


Del Donna, Anthony R. Opera, Theatrical Culture and Society in Late Eighteenth-Century Naples. Oxon, Ashgate, 2012.

di Profio, Alessandro. La Révolution des bouffons. Paris, Fayard, 2003.

Emery, Ted. Goldoni as librettist: theatrical reform and the drammi giocosi per musica. Peter Lang, 1991.

Landon, H. C. Robbins. Mozart, the golden years, 1781-1791. Nueva York, Schirmer Books, 1989. [Traducción castellana: Barcelona, Destino, 1990].

Landon, H. C. Robbins; Mitchell, Donald (eds).The Mozart Companion. Nueva York, Norton, 1969.

Paumgartner, Bernhard. Mozart. Madrid, Alianza Música, 1990.

Rice, John A. Essays on Opera, 1750-1800. London, Routledge, 2016.

Stricker, Rémy. Mozart et ses opéras. Fiction et verité. París, Gallimard, 1980. [Traducció castellana. Madrid, Aguilar, 1991].

Waldoff, Jessica. Recognition in Mozart’s Operas. Oxford University Press, 2006.

Woodfield, Ian. Performing opera for Mozart: impresarios, singers and troupes. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2012.



 Tema 7: una musa anomenada Rossini


Osborne, Richard. Rossini: hislife and works. Oxford, Oxford university Press, 2007.

Vitoux, Frédéric. Rossini. París, Ed. du Seuil, 1986[Trad. castellana: Madrid,Alianza Música, 1989].



Tema 8: el teatre i la ciutat burgesa al s. XIX

Abbate, Carolyn. Unsung voices: opera and musical narrative in the nineteenth century. Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1991.

Arblaster, Anthony. Viva la liberta! Politics on Opera. London, Verso, 1997.

Ashbrook, William/Budden, J./Gossett, Ph.Maestros de la ópera italiana. Rossini, Donizetti. Tomo 1. Barcelona, Muchnik, 1988.

Castelvecchi, Stefano. Sentimental Opera. Questions of Genre in the Age of Bourgeois Drama. Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Celleti, Rodolfo. A History of Bel Canto.  Clarendon press, 1991 (reed 1996).

Dahlhaus, Carl. Drammaturgia dell’opera italiana. Torino, EDT, 2005.

Dent, Edward, Joseph. The rise of romantic opera. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Gosset, Philippe. The Operas of Romanticism: Problems of Textual Criticism in 19th Century Opera. Princeton, 1979.

Kimbell, David R. B. Italian opera. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Lippmann, Friedrich. Versificazione italiana e ritmo musicale: i rapporti tra verso e musica nell’opera italiana dell’Ottocento. Liguori, 1986.

Mioli, Piero. Manuale del Melodramma. Milano, Biblioteca Universale Rizzoli, 1993.

Sánchez Sánchez, Vïctor (ed). Intercambios musicales entre España e Italia en los siglos XVIII y XIX. Bologna, Ut Orpheus, 2019.



Tema 9: ElRisorgimento i Verdi


Budden, Julian. Verdi. Londres, Dent & Sons, 1985 (reed 2008).

Conati, Marcello.  Piegare la nota. Contrappunto e dramma in Verdi. Historiae Musicae Cultores, vol. 127. Firenze, Olschki, 2014.

Günther,Ursula.“La genèse de Don Carlos, opère en cinq actes de Giuseppe Verdi, representé pour le première fois à Paris leII mars 1867 ”. Revue de Musicologie, nº 1, 1972, pp. 16-64; nº 1-2, 1974, pp. 87-158.

Parakilas, James. “Political representation and the Chorus in Nineteenth-Century Opera”. 19th Century Music, vol. XVI, nº 2, 1992, pp. 181-202.

Willis, Garry. Verdi’s Shakespeare: men of the theater. New York, Viking, 2011.


Tema 10: A la recerca d’identitats


Alier i Aixalà, Roger. L’òpera a Barcelona. Orígens, desenvolupament i consolidació de l’òpera com a espectacle teatral a la Barcelona del segle XVIII. Barcelona, Institut d’Estudis Catalans-Societat Catalana de Musicologia, 1990.

Banoun, Bernard; Candoni, Jean-François. Le Monde germanique et l’opéra: le livret en question. Paris, Klincksieck, 2005.

Bauman, Thomas. North German Opera in the Age of Goethe. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Casares, Emilio (ed), La Ópera en España e Hispanoamérica. Madrid, ICCMU, 2001.

Casares, Emilio (ed). Diccionario de la Zarzuela. Madrid, ICCMU, 2005.

Cortès i Mir, Francesc.“Ópera española: las obras de Pedrell”, Cuadernos de Música Iberonamericana. I, 1996, pp. 187-216.

Cortès i Mir, Francesc. “La zarzuelaen Cataluña y la zarzuela en catalán ”, Cuadernos de Música Iberonamericana. II-III, 1996-97, pp. 289-318.

Cortizo, Mª Encina. Emilio Arrieta. De la ópera a la zarzuela. ICCMU, 1998.

Espín Templado, Ma. Pilar; de Vega Martínez, Pilar; Lagos, Manuel. Teatro lírico español. Ópera, drama lírico y zarzuela grande entre 1868 y 1925. Madid, UNED, 2016.

Iberni, Luis. Ruperto Chapí. Madrid, ICCMU, 1995.

Sánchez, Víctor. Tomás Bretón, música de la Restauración. Madrid, ICCMU.

Torres Clemente, Helena. Las ópera de Manuel de Falla. Madrid, SedeM, 2007.



Tema 11: models romàntics francesos


Anger, Violaine. Giacomo Meyerbeer. Paris, Bleu nui éditeur, 2017, p. 176.

Branger, Jean-Christophe; Giroud (dir). Massenet aujourd'hui. Héritage et postérité. Saint-Étienne, Publications de l'Université, 2014.

Lacombe, Hervé. (ed) L’opéra en France et en Italie (1791-1925).  Paris, Actes du colloque franco-italien tenu à l’Academie musicale de Villecroze

Legrand, Raphaëlle; Wild, Nicole. Regards sur l'opéra-comique. Paris, CNRS, 2002.

Loisel, Gaëlle.  La Musique au défi du drame. Berlioz et Shakespeare. Paris, Classiques Garnier, 2016, p. 457.

Pitou, S. The Paris Opera: an encyclopedia of operas, ballets, composers and performer: growth and gradeur, 1815-1914 .NewYork, Greenwood Press, 1990.

Pourvoyeur, Robert. Offenbach. Paris, ed du Seuil, 1994.

Prévost, Paul (ed.). Le Theatre Lyrique en France au XIXe siècle. Metz, Ed. Serpenoise, 1995.

Walsh, T. J. Second Empire Opera. The Théâtre Lyrique Paris (1851-1870). Londres, John Calder, 1981. 


Tema 12: Wagner


Adorno, Theodor W.  Essai sur Wagner. Paris, Gallimard, 1966 (trad. original del 1962).

Bauer, Hans-Joachim. Guía de Wagner (vols. I y II). Madrid, Alianza Música, 1996.

Donington, Robert. Wagner’s Ring, and its Symbols. London, Faber & Faber, 1979 (reed)

Gray, Howard. Wagner (trad. de Imma Guàrdia). Barcelona, Ma Non Proppo, 2002.

Gregor Dellin, Martin. Richard Wagner. Sa vie, son ouvre, son siècle. París, Fayard, 1981. [Traducción: Madrid,Alianza Música, 1983].

Grey, Thomas S. The Cambridge Companio to Wagner. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2008. 

Jameux,Dominique. “Analyser Tristan”. L'Avant-Scène Opéra, 34/35, 1981, reed. 1990.

Jeongwon, Joe; Gilman, Sander L. Wagner & cinema. Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 2010.

Lewin, David. “Some notes on Analyzing Wagner: The Ring and Parsifal”. 19th Century Music, vol. XVI, nº 1, 1992, pp. 49-58.

Lussato, Bruno (ed). Voyage au coeur du Ring: Richard Wagner, L’anneau du Nibelung, poème comenté. Paris, Fayard, 2005.

Matabosch, Joan; Janés, Alfonsina; Pujol, X. Wagner al Liceu. Barcelona, L’Avenç, 2004.

Spotts, Frederic. Bayreuth: a history of the Wagner festival. Yale, yale University Press, 1994.



Tema 13: Itàlia al fin de siècle


Baldacci, Luigi. “Ilibretti di Mascagni”. NRMI, nº 3, 1985.

Budden, Julian. Puccini. His Life and Works. OUP, 2002.

Campana, Alessandra. Opera and Modern Spectatorship in Late Nineteenth-Century Italy. Cambridge University Press, 2015.

Clausse, Eleonore. Giacomo Puccini. Madrid, Espasa Calpe, 1980.

Krause, Ernst. Puccini: la historia de un éxito mundial. Madrid, Alianza, 1991.

Mallach, Alan. The Autumn of Italian opera: from verismo to modernism, 1890-1915. Northeastern University Press, 2007.

Wilson, Alexandra. The Puccini problem: opera, nationalism and modernity. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2007.


Tema 14. El descobriment de les òperes russesi eslaves


Campbell, Stuart. Russians on Russian Music (1830-1880). An Anthology. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Clapham, John. Dvorak. London, Newton Abbot, 1979.

Clapham, John. Smetana. Londres, Faber & Faber, 1972.

Chisolm, E. The Operas of Leos Janácek. Londres, Faber, 1971.

Frolova-Walker, Marina. Russia: Music anNation: From Glinka to Stalin. Yale University Press, 2007.

Maximovith, Michel. L'opéra russe, 1731-1935. Lausanne, Age d'homme, 1987.

Taruskin, Richard. Defining Russia Musically: Historical and Hermeneutical Essays. Princenton University Press, 1997.

Tyrrell, J. Czech Opera. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1988.


Tema 15: Simbolisme operístic

Kelkel, Manfred. Naturalisme, vérisme et réalisme dans l'opera de 1890 a 1930. París, Librairie philosophique J. Vrin, 1984.

Lecler, Éric. L’opéra symboliste. Paris, L’Harmattan, 2006.

Panofsky, Walter. Richard Strauss. Madrid, Alianza Editorial, 1988.

Segal, Naomi; Lee, Hyunseon. Opera, Exotism and Visual Culture. Oxford, Peter Lang, 2015, eBook.


Tema 16: Noves formesd’expressió al s. XX

Babcock, Renée Elizabeth. The operas of Hindemith, Krenek, and Weill: Cultural trends in the WeimarRepublic, 1918-1933. University of Texas, Austin, PhD dissertation, 1996.

Chew, Geoffrey. “Pastoral and Neoclassicism: A Reinterpretation of Auden’s and Stravinsky’s Rake’s Progress “, Cambridge Opera Journal, 5, 1993.

Ivashkin, Alexander; Kirkman, Andrew. Contemplating Shostakovich: Life, Music and Film. Oxon. Ashgate, 2012.

Klipatrick, Emily. The Operas of Maurice Ravel. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press,  eBook, 2015.

Lacombe, Hervé. Les voix de l’Opéra française au XIXème siècle. Paris, Librairie Arthème Fayard, 1997.

Lacombe, Hervé. Géographie de l’opéra au XXe siècle. Paris, Fayard, 2007.

Maehder, Jürgen. “Drammaturgia musicale e strutture narrative nel teatro musicale italiano della generazione dell’Ottanta”, Alfredo Casella e l’Europa. Atti del Convegno internazionale di sutudi, 2001. (ed. Mila de Santis). Firenze, Leo S. Olschki editore, 2003.

Morris, Christopher. Reading Opera between the Lines. Orchestral Interludes and cultural Meaning from Wagner to Berg. CUP, 2002.

Nice, David. Prokofiev. A Biography. From Russia to the West. 1891-1935. Yale University Press, 2003.

Perle,George.The Operas of Alban Berg. 2 vols. Berkeley, Univ. of California Press, 1980-1985.


Tema 17: Òpera a la postguerra


Ameille, Aude. Aventures et nouvelles aventures de l'opéra. Pour une poétique du livret depuis 1945. Paris, Classiques Garnier,2016, p. 679.

Fearn, R. Italian opera since 1945. Routledge, 1995.

Griffiths, Paul. “Opera, Music Theater”. Modern Music: The Avant Garde Since 1945. Londres, Dent, 1981.


Tema 18:. Llenguatges per a un públic contemporani informat


Lacombe, Hervé; Southon, Nicolas. Fortune de Francis Poulenc. Diffusion, Interprétation, Réception. Rennes, Presses UniversitairesdeRennes, 2016.

White, Eric Walter. Benjamin Britten, his life and operas. London: Faber & Faber, 1983.


Tema 19: crisi a l’òpera

Pleasants, Henry. Opera in Crisis: Tradition, Present, Future. London, Thames and Hudson, 1989.

Popper, Frank. Art-Action et participation, l’artiste et la créativité aujourd’hui. Paris, Klinsieck, 1980.

Ross, Alex. The Rest is Noise: Listening to the Twentieth Century. Fourth Estate, 2008.



Tema 20: el nou segle i l’òpera contemporània

Barbulescu, Cristina. Les opéras européens aujourd’hui: comment promouvoir un spectacle?. Paris, L’Harmattan, 2012.

Belina-Johnson, Anastasia; Scott, Derek B. The Business of Opera. Surrey, Routledge, 2015.

Citron, Marcia J. Opera on Screen. Yale University Press, 2000.

Cohen-Lévinas, Danielle. Le Present de l’Opéra au siècle XX: chemin versl es nouvels utopies. Paris, Editions Kimé, 2001.

Levin, David J. Unsettling opera: staging Mozart, Verdi, Wagner and Zemlinsky. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 2007.

Moodley, Roy;So, Joseph K.; Ingraham, Mary I. Opera in a Multicultural World. New York, routledge, 2016.

Picard, Timothée. Opéra et mise en scène. 2 vols. Paris, ASO Opéra, Premières Loges, 107-2015.

Ribera, Jordi. "L'escenografia de l'òpera: tradició i traïció",a Revista de Catalunya, nº 163, 2001, p. 63-80.

Sutcliffe, Tom. Believing in opera. Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1996.


Fonts de lectura recomanada


Berg, Alban. “The problem of opera”, Classic essays on twentieth-century music: A continuing symposium. New York, Schirmer, 1996.

Brecht, Bertold. El compromiso en literatura y arte. Edicióacura de Werner Hecht. Barcelona, editorial Panínsula, 1984. (títol original Schriften zur Literatur und Kunst. Frankfurt auf Main, Suhrkamp Verlag, 1967)

Burney, Charles. The Present State of Music in Germany, the Netherlands and the United Provinces, 2 vols. Londons, 1773 (trad. a l’italià de E. Fubini, Torí, 1986).

Da Ponte, Lorenzo. Mémoires de Lonrezo Da Ponte. Libretiste de Mozart. Paris, Mercure de France, 1988.

Galilei, Vicenzo. Dialogue on Ancient and Modern Music (trad. De Victo Palisca). Yale Univeristy Press, 2003.

[també a: http://imslp.org/wiki/Dialogo_della_musica_(Galilei,_Vincenzo)]

Goldoni, Carlo. Memòries. (trad en català de Joan Casas). Barcelona, Institut del Teatre, 1993.

Henze, Hans Werner. Canti di viaggio. Una vita (ed italiana de lidia Bramani). Milano, il Saggiatore, 2005.

Mann, Thomas. Richard Wagner y la música. Barcelona, Plaza 6 Janés, 1986.

Marcello, Benedetto. Teatro a la moda. Madrid, Aliana,2001(trad. i reed)

Nietzsche, Friedrich W. El Caso Wagner. Madrid, Siruela, 2005 (reed).

Shaw, George Bernard. El perfecte wagnerista. Un comentari sobre L’Anell del Nibelung. (ed en català. Barcelona, Amics del Liceu, 2004).

Wagner, RichardMi vida. Madrid, Turner Publicaciones, 2000 (reed).

Wagner, Richard. Òpera i drama. Barcelona, 1995 (reed).


Recursos Web i Llibres electrònics


-“Opera glass”, pàgina amb llibrets i resums d’algunes òperes de repertori. http://opera.stanford.edu/

- “Drammaturgia”. http://www.drammaturgia.it/index.php

- International Musical ScoreLibrary Project. http://ww.imslp.org

- Llibrets d’òpera italians a partir d’edicions d’època. http://www.librettidopera.it/

- Arxiu de la Societat del G. T. del Liceu: http://www.bib.uab.cat/human/arxiusocietatliceu/publiques/indexcat.php

Monteverdi: 400 aniversari del naixement de l'òpera: https://ddd.uab.cat/record/24772

- Facos, Michele. A Companion to Nineteenth-Century Art. John Wiley, 2019. Accés: https://onlinelibrary-wiley-com.are.uab.cat/doi/book/10.1002/9781118856321

- Davies, David. A Philosophy of the Performing Arts. John Wiley, 2011. Accés: https://onlinelibrary-wiley-com.are.uab.cat/doi/book/10.1002/9781444343458


Don'n need specific.