Degree | Type | Year |
---|---|---|
2500897 Chemical Engineering | FB | 1 |
You can view this information at the end of this document.
It is highly advisable that prior to taking this subject the student has learnt to formulate and name inorganic compounds, and understands basic concepts in chemistry, such as: mole, valence, oxidation state, and balancing chemical equations, and is able to perform stoichiometric calculations.
This subject aims at providing the student with a conceptual basis of the foundations of chemistry. The subject is made up of four different parts. In the first part a brief review of concepts that should have been mastered during high school, such as formulation and naming of inorganic compounds, common types of chemical reactions, chemical reaction balancing and how to perform stoichiometric calculations. The second part changes perspective and takes on an atomistic approach, and studies the quantum mechanical description of the hydrogen atom, and uses it to explain the electronic structure of many-electron atoms and in the end, the periodic table. The third part deals with the characteristics of the different chemical bond types, goes on to molecular structure and how this can be used to explain the appearance of intermolecular forces and the effect of these. Finally, the fourth part deals with solids, explains the structure of crystalline solids with special emphasis on ionic solids (but by no means only ionic solids!)
The following are the general goals of this subject. After passing the subject the student ought to be able:
to carry out stoichiometric calculations associated to relatively complex reactions and processes, as well as to name and formulate simple inorganic compounds.
to correctly interpret the concept of hydrogenoid atomic orbital, to be able to draw representations of them and recognize their form, and to perform simple quantitative calculations with them, determining directions and distances of maximum probability.
to predict the electron configuration of atoms and ions, and to discuss the periodic properties of chemical elements depending on it.
to distinguish the different bond types and to describe them using the different theories available.
to predict the grometry of covalent molecules as well as to determine the existence (and if so, intensity) of possible polarities.
to predict the kind and intensity of intermolecular forces between discrete molecules, and the consequences of these in terms of macroscopic properties of the substances.
to identify the most usual crystalline structures and to compute their properties, such as coordination numbers of constituting atoms, density or, for ionic crystals, their lattice energy.
Part I: Basic Concepts
Unit 1: Matter and Chemical Compounds. Matter and substance. Properties of matter. Measurement of properties. Basic laws of chemistry. Mole. Isotopes. Molecular mass. Compossition. Empirical and molecular formulae. Solutions. Oxidation states. Naming and formulation of inorganic compounds.
Unit 2: Introduction to Chemical Reactions. Chemical reactions. Equation balancing. Stoichiometric calculations. Limiting reagent. Electrolytes. Precipitation and acid-base reactions. Strong and weak acids and bases. Conjugate acids and bases. Redox reactions. Balancing of redox reactions in acid and basic media.
Part II: Atomic Structure
Unit 3: The Hydrogen Atom. Concepts of classical physics. Waves and particles. Electromagnetic radiation. Historic background to quantum mechanics. Planck's, Einstein's and de Broglie's hypotheses. Wave-particle duality. Atomic models. Quantum mechanical description of the hydrogen atom. Hydrogenoid orbitals. Quantum numbers. Energy quantization. Energy degeneracy. Representations of the hydrogenoid orbitals. Radial distribution function. Electron spin.
Unit 4: Many-Electron Atoms. The many-electron problem. Orbital approximation. Pauli exclusion principle. Electron shielding and effective nuclear charge. Orbital penetration. Electron configuration: Aufbau principle. Hund's rule. Periodic variation of element properties: atomic and ionic radii, ionization energy, electron affinity. Electronegativity. Magnetic properties.
Part III: Molecular Structure
Unit 5: Chemical Bond. Covalent, ionic and metallic bonding. Approximate treatment of the covalent bond: Lewis'theory. Lewis structures. Ressonance. Molecular geometry: Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory. Dipole moment. Bond distance. Bond energy. Quantum mechanical description of chemical bonding: Molecular orbital theory. The Linear Combination of Atomic Orbitals (MO-LCAO) approximation. Diatomics. Ionic bond. Metallic bond. Annex: some concepts of valence-bond theory.
Unit 6: Intermolecular Forces. Intra- and intermolecular forces. Origin of intermolecular forces. Ion-ion, ion-permanent dipole, permanent dipole-permanent dipole, and permanent dipole-induced dipoleforces. Dispersion forces. Hydrogen bonds. Effects of intermolecular interactions: phase change temperatures, solubility.
Part IV: Solid State.
Unit 7: Solid State. Amorphous and crystalline solids. Crystalline systems. Unit cell. Cell parameters. Metallic solids. Packing systems: close packing and non-close packing. Ionic solids. Ionic crystal structures. Radius ratio rule. Lattice energy. Covalent solids. Molecular solids.
Title | Hours | ECTS | Learning Outcomes |
---|---|---|---|
Type: Directed | |||
Problem Solving Sessions | 15 | 0.6 | 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11 |
Seminars | 5 | 0.2 | 1, 5, 6 |
Theory Lectures | 30 | 1.2 | 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11 |
Type: Supervised | |||
Problem Solving | 20 | 0.8 | 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11 |
Type: Autonomous | |||
Personal Study | 45 | 1.8 | 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 11 |
This subject makes use of three kinds of activities: theory lectures, problem solving sessions and seminars.
Theory lectures (2 h per week) will be used to develop the theoretical content of the subject using visual materials where appropriate. This material, if used, will be made available to students through the Campus Virtual platform. Besides, audiovisual material is available for asynchronous streaming, and could be used at the lecturer's discretion as complementary material or instead of presential lecturing, especially on the review lectures.
Problem solving sessions (1 h per week) are carried out in reduced groups. At the beginning of the term a collection of exercises covering the entire syllabus will be made available through the Campus Virtual platform, along with a solution set. As theory lectures progress, some of these exercises will be solved in detail in these sessions.
A number of seminars will be scheduled thoughout the semester. In these seminars a variety of activities could be carried out, at the lecturer's discretion and based on the requests of students (if any): solving students' queries, discuss some exercise, or read and discuss some selected texts related to the syllabus. In some seminars evaluation exercises will be proposed to be done on the spot and will be part of the grade of the course.
Annotation: Within the schedule set by the centre or degree programme, 15 minutes of one class will be reserved for students to evaluate their lecturers and their courses or modules through questionnaires.
Title | Weighting | Hours | ECTS | Learning Outcomes |
---|---|---|---|---|
Evidences | 20% | 15 | 0.6 | 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 |
Seminars | 10% | 5 | 0.2 | 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 11 |
Weekly Exercises | 10 | 10 | 0.4 | 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 |
Written Tests | 60% | 5 | 0.2 | 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 |
Continuous Evaluation
The final grade of the subject will be computed with contributions of four evaluable items: Written Tests, Evidences, Weekly Exercises, and Seminars
Written Tests: These have a total weight of 60% in the final score of the subject. A total of three tests will be scheduled, two of them partial (one of which at about mid-term, the other at the end, and both with equal weighting in the final grade: 30%) and a supplemental exam. The two partial exams will cover approximately half of the syllabus each, while the supplemental exam will cover it in full. To be able to use the scores of all items detailed in this document, a student must score at least 4.0 out of 10.0 marks in each of the partial exams. Should the student not achieve this score in any of the partial tests, s/he must take the supplemental exam to be in a position to pass the subject, where again a minimum score of 4.0 out of 10.0 must be obtained to be allowed to use the scores of the rest of items.
Seminars: They have a weight of 10% towards the final score. In some of the seminar sessions, depending on the degree of development of the syllabus, evaluation activities will take place. These will be advertised ahead of time.
Single Evaluation
Students who have chosen to take the Single Evaluation itinerary will have to write two written exams on the same day therest of students take the second partial exam:
The first exam will cover the complete syllabus of the subject (theory and exercises). The grade obtained in this exam will be their grade on Theory Contents.
The second exam will be a short test on the contents that have been treated in the seminars. The grade of this test will be the student’s grade on Seminar Contents.
To have a possibility to pass the subject the student must achieve a minimum grade of 4.0 out of 10.0 in the Theory Contents and a minimum grade of 5.0 out of 10.0 in the final grade using this formula:
Final Score = (90×Theory Contents + 10×Seminar Contents)/100
If the grade of the Theory Contents is less than 4.0 out of 10.0 or the Final Grade is less than 5.0 out of 10.0 the student has a second chance to pass the subject by taking the supplemental exam to be held on a date proposed by the Degree Coordinator. This supplemental exam permits to recover only the part of the Final Score that represents the Theory Contents. The grade of the Seminar Contents cannot be recovered. The final score is computed using the formula above if and only if the Theory Contents score is at least of 4.0 out of 10.0: if the grade of Theory Contents is less than 4.0 out of 10.0 the studentcannot pass the subject irrespective on the grade in the Seminar Contents.
"Non Evaluable" Status
Students who at the end of the term have no Written Exam scores or those having solely one partial exam score will be considered "Non Evaluable".
Final Grade of Students Not Achieving Minimum Scores to Make Averages
Status of "Pass With Honors"
This score is a regulated qualification as concerns the number that can be awarded per course and subject. The minimum condition (necessary but not sufficient) is achieving a minimum score of 9.0 out of 10.0 or better as the final score of the subject. Despite achieving a final score of 9.0 or better, the status of "Pass with Honors" will only be awarded if the performance of the candidate has been truly exceptional.
These two books are equally suited:
R. H. Petrucci, F. G. Herring, J. D. Madura, C. Bissonnette, Química General: Principios y Aplicaciones Modernas, Pearson, 11ª Ed, 2017, ISBN: 978-8490355336. Electronic version available at UAB.. English text: R. H. Petrucci, F. G. Herring, J. D. Madura, C. Bissonnette, General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications, Pearson, 11^{th} Ed, 2017, ISBN: 978-0132931281.
R. Chang, Fundamentos de Química, McGraw-Hill, 2011. ISBN: 978-6071505415.
The use of specialized software is not foreseen. However, to visualize molecular structures or unit cells of solids when the use of physical models in the lecture room is not convenient/possible or for students with difficulties with space perception, some computer programs to represent molecular structures in space can be used (for instance, JMol). In such cases (or others that might arise) instructions to download, install and use these programs will be published via the Campus Virtual platform, and the software used will be freely distributable (shareware or freeware).
Name | Group | Language | Semester | Turn |
---|---|---|---|---|
(PAUL) Classroom practices | 211 | Catalan | first semester | morning-mixed |
(PAUL) Classroom practices | 212 | Catalan | first semester | morning-mixed |
(SEM) Seminars | 211 | Catalan | first semester | morning-mixed |
(SEM) Seminars | 212 | Catalan | first semester | morning-mixed |
(TE) Theory | 21 | Catalan | first semester | morning-mixed |