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Standard Model: Fundamentals and Phenomenology

Code: 42864 ECTS Credits: 9
Degree Type Year Semester
4313861 High Energy Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology OT 0 1


Rafel Escribano Carrascosa

Use of Languages

Principal working language:
english (eng)


Aurelio Juste Rozas
Rafel Escribano Carrascosa
Immaculada Riu Dachs


It is recommended to have followed the courses Introduction to the Physics of the Cosmos and Introduction to Quantum Field Theory.

Objectives and Contextualisation

The main purpose of this course is to give an overview of the Standard Model of particle physics starting from the fundamentals and finishing with the phenomenology.


  • Apply the main principles to specific areas such as particle physics, astrophysics of stars, planets and galaxies, cosmology and physics beyond the Standard Model.
  • Formulate and tackle problems, both open and more defined, identifying the most relevant principles and using approaches where necessary to reach a solution, which should be presented with an explanation of the suppositions and approaches.
  • Understand the bases of advanced topics selected at the frontier of high energy physics, astrophysics and cosmology and apply them consistently.
  • Use acquired knowledge as a basis for originality in the application of ideas, often in a research context.
  • Use critical reasoning, analytical capacity and the correct technical language and formulate logical arguments.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Analyzing the concept of spontaneous breaking of symmetry .
  2. Apply chromodynamics of quantum to strong elementary processes .
  3. Apply the Weinberg- Salam theory to electroweak elementary processes.
  4. Calculate weak and strong electro sections.
  5. Recognize the basics of Weinberg- Salam theory of electroweak interactions
  6. Recognize the basis of Quantum Chromodynamics as a theory of strong interactions.
  7. Understand the basics of the theory of the Standard Model and its phenomenology.


Fundamentals of the Standard Model:

  1. Difficulties of the pre-gauge theory
  2. Global and local gauge invariance
  3. Spontaneous symmetry breaking, Goldstone bosons and the Higgs mechanism
  4. The Standard Model of electroweak interactions
  5. Electroweak phenomenology
  6. Flavour dynamics
  7. Electromagnetic interactions of leptons and hadrons
  8. An introduction to Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD)

Phenomenology of the Standard Model:

  1. QCD in electron-proton collisions
  2. QCD in electron-positron collisions
  3. Jet algorithms
  4. QCD in hadron-hadron collisions
  5. Monte Carlo event generators
  6. Top physics
  7. Higgs physics
  8. Heavy flavor physics
  9. Neutrino physics


Theory Lectures and Exercises.

Classwork and Homework. 

Annotation: Within the schedule set by the centre or degree programme, 15 minutes of one class will be reserved for students to evaluate their lecturers and their courses or modules through questionnaires.


Title Hours ECTS Learning Outcomes
Type: Directed      
Theory Lectures 68 2.72 1, 2, 3, 7, 6, 5
Type: Autonomous      
Discussion, Work Groups, Group Exercises 68 2.72 2, 3, 4
Study of Theoretical Foundations 68 2.72 1, 7, 6, 5


One exam and one homework of Fundamentals of the SM, and one exam and one homework of Phenomenology of the SM.

In the case of Fundamentals of the SM, the homework will consist on a selected set of exercises.

In the case of Phenomenology of the SM, the homework will consist on an individual presentation about a selected research article.

For those who fail the course it is possible to take a resit examination that will consist on a written exam covering all the content.

In order to take part in this resit exam you have to be evaluated first of the exam and homework of the Fundamentals and Phenomenology parts of the course, respectively.

Assessment Activities

Title Weighting Hours ECTS Learning Outcomes
Exam Fundamentals 25% 1.5 0.06 1, 3, 4, 7, 5
Exam Phenomenology 25% 1.5 0.06 2, 3, 4, 7, 6
Homework Fundamentals 25% 7.5 0.3 1, 3, 4, 7, 5
Homework Phenomenology 25% 7.5 0.3 2, 3, 4, 7, 6
Resit Exam 50% 3 0.12 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 6, 5


Fundamentals of the Standard Model:

  • D. Griffiths, Introduction to Elementary Particles, Wiley-VCH 2008
  • B. R. Martin and G. Shaw, Particle Physics, Wiley
  • M. E. Peskin, Concepts of Elementary Particle Physics, Oxford University Press 2019
  • D. Goldberg, The Standard Model in a Nutshell, Princeton University Press 2017
  • F. Halzen and A. D. Martin, Quarks & Leptons: An Introductory Course in Modern Particle Physics, Wiley 1984
  • C. Quigg, Gauge Theories of the Strong, Weak and Electromagnetic Interactions, Princeton University Press 2013
  • T. Cheng and L. Li, Gauge Theory of Elementary Particle Physics, Oxford University Press 1988
  • J. F. Donoghue, E. Golowich and B. R. Holstein, Dynamics of the Standard Model, Cambridge University Press 2014
  • P. Langacker, The Standard Model and Beyond, CRC Press 2017

Phenomenology of the Standard Model:

  • F. Halzen and A. D. Martin, Quarks & Leptons: An Introductory Course in Modern Particle Physics, Wiley 1984
  • R. K. Ellis, W. J. Stirling and B. R. Webber, QCD and Collider Physics, Cambridge University Press 2003
  • D. H. Perkins, Introduction to High Energy Physics, Cambridge University Press 2000
  • D. Green, High Pt Physics at Hadron Colliders, Cambridge University Press 2009


It is recommended to use Mathematica Student Edition.