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2022/2023

Applied Plant Physiology.

Code: 100821 ECTS Credits: 6
Degree Type Year Semester
2500251 Environmental Biology OT 4 1

Contact

Name:
Maria Soledad Martos Arias
Email:
soledad.martos@uab.cat

Use of Languages

Principal working language:
catalan (cat)
Some groups entirely in English:
No
Some groups entirely in Catalan:
No
Some groups entirely in Spanish:
No

Other comments on languages

Soledad Martos will do the lectures in Spanish and Slvia Busoms in Catalan

Teachers

Isabel Corrales Pinart
Maria Soledad Martos Arias
Silvia Busoms Gonzalez
Eliana Carolina Bianucci

Prerequisites

It is recommended to review the basic concepts taught in Plant Physiology

Objectives and Contextualisation

The general objective of this subject is to introduce the students into the functional mechanisms and techniques that will improve the yield of the crop plants and their agricultural and industrial applications.

The specific training objectives are:

  • Identify the processes that determine the yield of plants of agricultural and industrial interest and their regulation by internal and external factors.
  • Acquire an advanced vision of reproduction techniques for plants with a practical purpose.
  • Introduce the students to the basic techniques of agricultural biotechnology.
  • Introduce the students to the basics of phytochemistry and its application in medicine and industry.

Competences

  • Act with ethical responsibility and respect for fundamental rights and duties, diversity and democratic values.
  • Focus on quality.
  • Introduce changes in the methods and processes of the field of knowledge to provide innovative responses to the needs and demands of society.
  • Manage information
  • Obtain, observe, handle, cultivate and conserve specimens.
  • Perform studies on animal and plant production and improvement.
  • Take account of social, economic and environmental impacts when operating within one's own area of knowledge.
  • Take sex- or gender-based inequalities into consideration when operating within one's own area of knowledge.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Act with ethical responsibility and respect for fundamental rights and duties, diversity and democratic values.
  2. Actuar en l'mbit de coneixement propi avaluant les desigualtats per ra de sexe/gnere.
  3. Apply knowledge of physiology to the processes of plant improvement and production.
  4. Focus on quality.
  5. Introduce changes in the methods and processes of the field of knowledge to provide innovative responses to the needs and demands of society.
  6. Learn and apply in vitro culture techniques under controlled conditions for the plants.
  7. Manage information
  8. Take account of social, economic and environmental impacts when operating within one's own area of knowledge.

Content

Lectures

  • Applied Plant Physiology: field of study; Scientific and social interest
  • Plant productivity and yield: Assessment parameters; Conditioning factors
  • Genetic potential and its regulation by internal and external factors
    • External factors:
      • Biotic
        • Plant-microorganism interaction: pathogenesis of bacterial, viral and fungal diseases
        • Molecular bases of plant defense
      • Abiotic
        • Essential nutrients and soil fertility.
        • Water needs of plants and increased efficiency in water sources.
        • Temperature needs of the plants. Greenhouses and hydroponics.
    • Internal factors
      • Reproduction and regulation of development
      • Genetics of reproduction: Sexual reproduction and seed technology
      • Asexual reproduction
      • In vitro reproduction
      • Genetic breeding
      • Plant biotechnology: methods and applications
      • Secondary metabolism of plants
      • Regulation of growth, use of phytoregulators
  • Optimization of production technologies
  • Sustainable plant production and integrative plant production

Seminars

Different projects

Laboratory practices

  • In vitro culture techniques
  • Assessment of ascorbic acid in fruits
  • Effect of herbicides on photosynthetic pigments
  • Germination assay
  • Effect of the osmotic potential on the seed germination
  • Susceptibility of fruits to the fungus Botrytis cinerea

Field trips

Visit an agrotechnological research center

Methodology

Lectures

During the lectures, the professor explains the functional mechanisms and techniques that allow to improve the yield of crop plants and their agricultural and industrial applications, establishing the functional and mechanistic relationships clarifying the basic concepts necessary for their understanding. The methodology is mainly based on verbal communication, accompanied by visual schemes. Teacher's direct questions to students during the class will warn the teacher to know the student's degree of follow-up. Bibliographical references and other sources of information are given to foster self-study.

Seminars

The main purpose of the seminars in this subject is to promote the knowledge of the general and transversal competences of the students. The teaching methodology is based on projects where students divided into groups of 4-5 will have to design a scientific experiment, to write a cover letter, to look for a scientific article according to quality requirements, among others.

Laboratory practices

Some of the topics covered in the theory class are visualized through laboratory testing. The student became familiar with protocols and techniques of Applied Plant Physiology and have to analyze the results from their own experiments.

The student will be able to access the protocols and guides of practices through the Virtual Campus.

Field trips

A visit to an plant agrobiotechnology research center.

Tutorial

In tutorials, the professor tries to help the students to solve their doubts about the concepts of the subject and guide them in their studies.

Annotation: Within the schedule set by the centre or degree programme, 15 minutes of one class will be reserved for students to evaluate their lecturers and their courses or modules through questionnaires.

Activities

Title Hours ECTS Learning Outcomes
Type: Directed      
Lab practice 16 0.64 6, 4, 7
Lectures 28 1.12 3, 6
Seminars 6 0.24 3, 7
Type: Supervised      
Field trip 4 0.16 3, 4
Tutorials 6 0.24 3, 7
Type: Autonomous      
Personal study 70 2.8 3, 6, 7
Preparation of homework and/or seminars 11 0.44 3, 7
Preparation of lab practice report 5 0.2 3, 6, 7

Assessment

The evaluation is based on the following items:

Written exams that include the evaluation of the contents of the lectures. There will be two eliminatory tests corresponding to the two equitable parts in which the program has been divided.

To be able to pass the subject, a minimum grade of 5 must be obtained in each of these parts. The weight of each partial exam in the theory note is 50%.

The weight of the theory mark in the final grade is 70%.

To improve the mark, or to pass the failure exams, the students can do a final recovery examination of the failure part. The minimum mark to pass this exam is 5.0.

To be eligible for this retake process, the student should have been previously evaluated in a set of activities equaling at least two thirds of the final score of the course or module. Thus, the student will be graded as "No Evaluable" if the weight of all conducted evaluation activities is less than 67% of the final score.

If you present yourself to improve your note you waive the previously obtained note and only the note of the recovery exam will be counted.

The laboratory practices will be evaluated with a theoretical exam that will be done individually on the last day of the practices and that will represent 80% of the practical grade. The elaboration of the internship guide will be done in group and will represent the remaining 20% of the internship grade. The guide will be delivered via the Virtual Campus one week after finishing the practices.

The lab practice note represents 20% of the final mark of the subject. Attendance is mandatory. In the event of justified absence, a lab session can be recovered through assistance to another group or, if that is not possible, by means of a substitute work. There is no practice recovery exam.

Seminars: Participation in the seminars will account for 10% of the final mark. Seminars cannot be retaken.

The subject of Applied Plant Physiology will be passed when the student fulfills the above conditions and the resultant note of the different evaluations (exams, practices and seminar) is 5.0.

The presentation to the final examination of recovery in any case means that the student has presented and will be evaluated.

Students who cannot attend an individual assessment test for just cause (such as illness, death of a first-degree relative or accident) and provide the official documentation corresponding to the Degree Coordinator, will have the right to perform the test in question on another date.

Assessment Activities

Title Weighting Hours ECTS Learning Outcomes
Evaluation of lab practice 20% 1 0.04 6, 4, 7
Evaluation of seminar 10% 0 0 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 5
Examination of lecture program 1 35% 1.5 0.06 1, 8, 3, 6, 4, 7, 5
Examination of lecture program 2 35% 1.5 0.06 1, 8, 3, 6, 4, 7, 5

Bibliography

AGRIOS GN.: Plant Pathology, 5ª edición. Academic Press, San Diego, 2005. https://www.sciencedirect.com/book/9780120445653/plant-pathology

Chrispeels, M.J., Sadova, D.E.: Plant Genes and Crop Biotechnology. 2nd ed. Jones & Bartlett Publ., Sudbury, 2003.

Neals S.C. (ed) Plant Biotechnology: Principles Techniques and Aplications. Wiley cop., 2008.

FORBES JC, WATSON RD.: Plants in Agriculture. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1992.

HARTMANN, H.T. et al. Plant Propagation. Principles and Practice. 7th ed. Prentice Hall. 2001.

JIMENEZ DIAZ, R;  LAMO DE ESPINOSA, J.: Agricultura Sostenible. Mundi Prensa, 1998.

NIATU, JN. Advances in Plant Pathology. InTech Publisher. Electronic book. 2018. DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71796. ISBN: 978-1-78923-609-5 https://www.intechopen.com/books/advances-in-plant-pathology

Wik, M. Function and biotechnology of plant secondary metabolism. 2nd edition Wiley Blackwell 2010.

 

Infography prepared by the Library Facility that would help the search of electronic books: https://ddd.uab.cat/record/22492

Software

None