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Nanoscale Physics

Code: 103300 ECTS Credits: 6
Degree Type Year Semester
2501922 Nanoscience and Nanotechnology OB 4 1
The proposed teaching and assessment methodology that appear in the guide may be subject to changes as a result of the restrictions to face-to-face class attendance imposed by the health authorities.


Aitor Lopeandía Fernández

Use of Languages

Principal working language:
catalan (cat)
Some groups entirely in English:
Some groups entirely in Catalan:
Some groups entirely in Spanish:


Aitor Lopeandía Fernández


It is necessary to have passed Solid State and Advanced Quantum Physics subjects.

Objectives and Contextualisation

The objective of this subject is to provide the basis for the student to understand the variation of the physical properties (electronic, optical, thermal and transport) of materials on the nanometer scale.


  • Adapt to new situations.
  • Apply the concepts, principles, theories and fundamental facts of nanoscience and nanotechnology to solve problems of a quantitative or qualitative nature in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology.
  • Apply the general standards for safety and operations in a laboratory and the specific regulations for the use of chemical and biological instruments, products and materials in consideration of their properties and the risks.
  • Communicate clearly in English.
  • Communicate orally and in writing in one’s own language.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the concepts, principles, theories and fundamental facts related with nanoscience and nanotechnology.
  • Interpret the data obtained by means of experimental measures, including the use of computer tools, identify and understand their meanings in relation to appropriate chemical, physical or biological theories.
  • Learn autonomously.
  • Manage the organisation and planning of tasks.
  • Obtain, manage, analyse, synthesise and present information, including the use of digital and computerised media.
  • Operate with a certain degree of autonomy.
  • Propose creative ideas and solutions.
  • Reason in a critical manner
  • Recognise and analyse physical, chemical and biological problems in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology and propose answers or suitable studies for their resolution, including when necessary the use of bibliographic sources.
  • Recognise the terms used in the fields of physics, chemistry, biology, nanoscience and nanotechnology in the English language and use English effectively in writing and orally in all areas of work.
  • Resolve problems and make decisions.
  • Work correctly with the formulas, chemical equations and magnitudes used in chemistry.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Adapt to new situations.
  2. Apply the acquired theoretical contents to the explanation of experimental phenomena.
  3. Communicate clearly in English.
  4. Communicate orally and in writing in one’s own language.
  5. Correctly observe protocols for using instrumentation, reagents and chemical waste in laboratories related to the subject.
  6. Critically evaluate experimental results and deduce their meaning.
  7. Describe the main characteristics of two-dimensional electron gas and its properties in presence of electrical and magnetic fields.
  8. Draft and present reports on the subject in English.
  9. Identify and situate safety equipment in the laboratory.
  10. Interpret and rationalise the results obtained in the laboratory in processes related with physics and chemistry in nanoscience and nanotechnology.
  11. Interpret texts in English on aspects related with the physics and chemistry of nanoscience and nanotechnology.
  12. Interpret the phenomena of absorption and emission of light in nanostructures.
  13. Interpret variation in the electronic properties of solids with the dimensionality of the system on the basis of approximated band theory models.
  14. Learn autonomously.
  15. Manage the organisation and planning of tasks.
  16. Obtain, manage, analyse, synthesise and present information, including the use of digital and computerised media.
  17. Operate with a certain degree of autonomy.
  18. Perform bibliographic searches for scientific documents.
  19. Perform estimates of the physical properties of materials in systems on a nanometric scale.
  20. Propose creative ideas and solutions.
  21. Propose materials that have differentiated physical properties as a consequence of dimensionality.
  22. Rationalise the results obtained in the laboratory in terms of physical magnitudes and their relation with the observed physical phenomena.
  23. Reason in a critical manner
  24. Recognise the importance of resonant phenomena in electronic transport and the emergence of thermoelectric phenomena on the nanometric scale.
  25. Resolve problems and make decisions.
  26. Resolve problems with the help of the provided complementary bibliography.
  27. Work correctly with the formulas, chemical equations and magnitudes used in chemistry.


1. Introduction: Concepts of scale and dimensionality.

2. Electronic properties under confinement.

Semiconductor quantum points Model of strong links.

3. Electronic transport

  Ballistic transport Formulism by Landauer-Buttiker.

4. Optical properties

Semiconductors: Excitons. Emission and absorption of light.

Metallic particles: Scattering Mie and Rayleigh. Plasmons.

5. Thermal properties

Heat capacity Temperature and melting of nanoparticles.

Thermal transport: Kinetic Theory. Boltzmann's equation. Ballistic phononic transport.

Thermoelectric phenomena


Depending on the health situation, and the need to do non-face-to-face teaching, it can be adapted.



In this course, specific teaching is offered where there will be different formative activities that are described next. The work hours that are specified for each training activity correspond to an average student. Naturally, not all students need the same time to learn concepts and carry out certain activities, so the distribution of time should be understood as guidance. In this subject, we try to promote the active participation of the student as a relevant learning tool.

Direct training activities:

Master classes sessions: classes in which the theory teacher explains the most relevant concepts of each subject. Usually, they are blackboard classes, although in some cases classes are done with computer programs. Students have notes or copy of the transparencies in pdf format in advance uploaded in the virtual campus of the UAB.

Problems sessions: classes in which the problem teacher explains to the students how the standard problems of the subject are solved. The teacher will resolve in detail a list of selected problems and will propose to the students a list of problems that must be delivered as a mandatory task that will be part of the evaluation of the subject.

Discussion classes: discussion of selected readings (scientific articles) in direct relation to the topic of the subject will be evaluated with a presentation in class.

Laboratory practices: Students will perform laboratory practices as a learning tool.


Supervised training activities:

Tutorials: in the hours of attention to the students, the teachers will be available for the consultations of the students.


Autonomous training activities:

Problem-solving and delivery of additional problems: the student must solve the problems of the list given by the teachers. Some selected problems will be required to be delivered and will be evaluated by the professor.

Study and preparation of exams: Personal work of the student to acquire the theoretical concepts of the subject and the abilities for the resolution of problems.

Works: students will be asked to generate a small report, in certain thematics that complement the contents of the subject. The derived marks will be part of the evaluation.


If the health situation requires a reduced attendance:

-Master sessions will be uploaded in video format, and discussed online in tutorial sessions in the scheduled hours.
-On-site sessions will be used essentially to solve problems, and to the realization of specific tutorials on the theoretical material previously supplied.
-The assistance to laboratory practices will be addapted to follow health considerations.


Title Hours ECTS Learning Outcomes
Type: Directed      
Lectures 28 1.12 2, 7, 19, 9, 12, 13, 21, 23, 24
Practices 6 0.24 1, 2, 6, 4, 15, 10, 16, 20, 22, 23, 27
Problems 13 0.52 1, 14, 17, 23, 26, 25
Type: Autonomous      
Study: exams, reports preparation, problem resolution 60 2.4 1, 2, 14, 6, 4, 7, 18, 19, 15, 9, 12, 10, 13, 11, 16, 17, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 8, 26, 25, 27, 5


The subject will consider different types of assessment activities.

- Partial exams: At least two synthesis tests will be done where the theoretical knowledge will be evaluated. These partial test will be programmed throughout the semester. The total weight of each partials on the final mark will be 70%. If any of the partial exams does not reach the mark of 4 out of 10, it will have to be compensated in a final evaluation.

The relative weight of each partial exam will be decided based on the academic course and contents considered, but in all the cases any partial exam will exceed more than 50% of the final mark.

- Continuous and practical evaluation activities. During the course there will be different activities of continuous evaluation that will have a weight of 30% on the final note. These activities will include laboratory practices, writing reports, monographic works, presentations and delivery of problems.

Recovery. There will be a final exam of recovery where students can be examined from the parts of the suspended partials. In order to be able to get benefit from the recovery exam, the student should have participated in at least a minimum of 2/3 of the evaluation activities of the complete subject. Continuous evaluation activities are intended to evaluate the daily follow-up of the subject and therefore, as in the case of laboratory practices, they can not be recovered.

Depending on health scenario the evaluation will be adapted.

Assessment Activities

Title Weighting Hours ECTS Learning Outcomes
Continuous Assessment: Practices, problems, reports 30% 34 1.36 1, 14, 6, 3, 4, 18, 19, 15, 10, 11, 16, 17, 20, 22, 23, 8, 26, 25, 27, 5
EXAMS 70% 9 0.36 1, 2, 7, 19, 9, 12, 13, 21, 23, 24, 25


The physics of low-dimensional semiconductors. J. H. Davies.  Cambridge University Press. 1998.


Electronic transport in mesoscopic systems, S. Datta, Cambridge Unibversity Press, 1995.


Nanoscale energy transport and conversion : a parallel treatment of electrons, molecules, phonons, and photons. G. Chen, Oxford University Press, 2005.